Aikido is a Japanese martial art. Aikido: description, technique and reviews
For a long time, martial arts have been popular in our society. Everyone who masters them wants to comprehend as much as possible, to learn the maximum number of techniques and techniques. Such a wide range of skills can teach you aikido. This is a relatively new form of martial art, which originated in Japan in the early twentieth century. But he absorbed all the "cream" of various techniques, philosophies and practices.
Aikido is a type of martial art that originated in Japan in the first half of the twentieth century, and its founder is considered to be Morihei Ueshiba. Creating something special in this field, the sage studied all the most versatile and effective techniques of combat, self-defense, as well as philosophy, religion, and even mysticism. That is why there is a clear definition that aikido is some kind of merging with vital energy, or a process of harmonization and tranquility of the spirit. The basis of the philosophy of this type of battle is primarily defense, not attack.Moreover, Ueshibva takes into account the protection of not only himself, but also the attacker. Currently, the concept of a single aikido technique has ceased to be relevant. In various parts of the world, emphasis is placed on certain techniques and their philosophical foundations, the creators of new subtypes of this martial art, styles and practices appear.
The exact date of the birth of Aikido is 1920, and the place is the town of Ayabe. At this time, Morihei Ueshiba was at the stage of emotional failure, his father passed away, and with him two sons. He found solace while studying and applying the philosophy of Oomoto-ke, which later turned to form the basis of aikido. Soon the fame of him spread to all the nearby towns and cities as a brilliant teacher of martial arts. The number of his students grew irreconcilably. In 1922, Ueshiba associated with his mentor, who had previously taught him the art of Daito-ryu Aiki-jujutsu - Sokaka Takeda. The teacher arrives in Ayabe and helps his former best student, so to speak, to finally join the role of spiritual and physical mentor and become a master of aerobatics.Literally six months later, Takeda presents Ueshiba with a certificate and he goes on his further journey through Japan. So in 1922, Morihei officially creates his own budo and gives it the name Aiki-Bujutsu or Aikido.
The original Japanese school of aikido, which was founded by the creator of this kind of fighting art, had its own unique philosophy. The fact is that it is not even a completely martial art, but rather a subtle philosophy and religion. Morihei Ueshiba for a long time studied the traditional Japanese areas of combat - jujutsu and kenjutsu, and also learned native calligraphy in full scale. On the basis of all this, he created his own combat system, or rather, avoidance of combat, which was in contrast to the traditional bu jutsu (the art of killing). His aikido school teaches each student the same basics of bu-jutsu, but it does not turn them into aggression and, as a result, murder, but into stopping this aggression and suppressing the enemy through techniques that do not cause him significant harm.
According to Ueshiba, any manifestation of aggression and the desire to kill leads to mass disharmony. His own martial art is aimed at crushing the attacker with his own power, turning it against himself.Thus, the enemy independently abandons his undertaking and people disperse, restoring harmony and harmony among themselves.
From the technical side in this martial art, you can highlight certain points. They are the practical basis of Aikido and, initially, learn in theory, and only after that they are transferred to practice. The first is the spirit of unity of Aiki, the second is the safety distance of Ma-ai, the third is the withdrawal from the attack line of Tai Sabaki, the fourth is the withdrawal of the opponent from the equilibrium of Kujushi. Also among the main techniques of this battle can be called timely response, spiral movement, the use of the center of gravity, rotation, dynamics and impact on the equilibrium point of the enemy. An important moment is Ki in aikido - breathing and energy flows that you should catch and use before the battle begins. In general, it can be said that aikido is an art that is based on the natural biomechanics of the human body. Also, there are applied the minimum point effects on certain points, which are produced at the right time and on a specific vector.
The younger generation
Nowadays, aikido for children is popular and in demand. It is even considered fashionable to divert your child to such extracurricular activities. And in this you can find only advantages, since this type of martial art has a positive effect not only on the physical health of the child, but also on his spiritual growth and academic performance. The most important thing is to find an aikido club in which a really good master will teach, who himself has mastered this technique and philosophy perfectly, and can correctly present it to the younger generation. Girls and boys are equally well trained in martial arts. Initially, of course, children go there with the hope that they will be able to become supermen at school and put everyone on their shoulder blades. But, studying in such a club, they become more likely informal leaders. Brain activity improves, performance improves in all subjects. Moreover, aikido for children teaches that aggression and pain is not something that makes them better.
Defense in the real world
What to do if you were attacked in your own yard when you return home late? What if you need to apply one of the combat practicesso to speak in real life conditions? It was for this purpose that the real aikido, or new martial art, was created, which is completely based on the achievements of Ueshiba, but adapted to the modern world. The author of such techniques is a Serb - Lubomir Vracharevich. His technique is aimed at the most rapid neutralization of the attacker and further control over him. It is also worth saying that the real aikido is much more rigid techniques, grabs and blows, although they are aimed solely at self-defense. When studying this type of martial art, in the hall, students attack each other, in order to reproduce the real threat and learn how to properly get rid of it.
Weapon and its meaning
In the classic version of aikido weapons are actively used. Among it are the following attributes:
- Bocken - a sword made of wood for training.
- Tanto - a knife with a length of 30 centimeters.
- Dze is a pole made of wood whose length is 128 centimeters.
- Wakidzasi - shortened sword.
- Naginata is a long sword.
- Bo - a staff of wood or metal. Its length is an individual matter, it must reach from the floor to the chin of a fighter.
As for real aikido, the use of weapons here, especially such unique, is completely excluded. Only modern, so to speak, tools of damage are used - a pistol, a penknife, a stick, and even a bottle or brick. Such items are handed over to the person who will play the role of an attacker, and the fighter must protect against it.
The most common type of clothing that is used in training in martial arts - kimono. For aikido, it can be said that a standard version of such attire is used, consisting of trousers and a jacket. It is called keikogi, which stands for “keiko” - training, “gi” - clothing. In Russia, this name is known only to professionals in the industry, and beginners and amateurs often call this costume simple and understandable to us - kimono. For aikido, however, a more dense and durable jacket is sewn, rather than for such types of combat as, say, karate. This is necessary so that the fighter can withstand strong grabs and take over the weight of the enemy. Some suits even have special inserts that protect against certain techniques.
The jacket for aikido is made of material with weaving in two or three strands. Its weight depends on the size and ranges from 450 to 1000 grams. The structure of the collar is soft, the width of the sleeves is medium, not too large, as well as a large smell. The edges of each shelf should reach the opposite side seam. The total length of the product is up to mid-thigh. High-quality jacket-keikogi always has additional strings in the chest. They keep the suit in its place even after the strongest grabs and blows and do not allow it to shift and swing open.
As for the pants, their structure is no different from the standard. It is true that recently began to produce pants with overlays on the knees for cushioning beats and falls, it is believed that this is very convenient. Their length - to the middle of the calf, the landing is average. For owners of black belts, it is extremely important that their pants do not look out from under the hakama during combat, under any circumstances.