Airbus 320 - the leader of European passenger air traffic
General description and background
The Airbus 320 series is a family of airplanes with a narrow fuselage, swept wings and turbofan engines, which were developed by European company Airbus for use on lines with medium or small length. The assembly of liners until February 2008 was carried out in the French Toulouse, and after that it was moved to the German Hamburg. Moreover, a separate line, which has a capacity of four cars per month, is open in China. The main competitor of these aircraft is the American family of Boeing 737s. It should be noted that the decision to release the Airbus 320 airliners was made after the overwhelming success of the three hundredth series, which was to replace the very popular Boeings. It was planned that the liner will receive similar parameters, but will be more economical and perfect.A significant competitive advantage was to ensure the use of modern digital technologies.
The main feature of the aircraft Airbus 320 series is a large carrying capacity and a fairly spacious cabin, which has large shelves. Inside the car, there were new facing panels, FAP systems with touch screens, separate LED lighting for each passenger. As for the cockpit, six LCD displays have replaced the electron beam monitors. In addition, instead of the usual steering wheels here appeared modern joystick handles. They are not directly dependent on the control plane and are controlled by a computer. This significantly improved the working conditions of the Airbus A 320 pilots brigade (which, thanks to automation in the crew, only two are enough) and increased the level of safety. Many innovations also touched on the mechanisms and technical characteristics of the airliner. All this, plus the relatively low cost of maintenance, makes the car very popular in many countries around the world.
As mentioned above, now the main production of airliners Airbus 320 is made in Germany. Since the last quarter of last year, 42 cars have been coming off the assembly line here every month. It should be noted that the individual elements for the family are supplied by the Irkutsk aircraft factory. The model program was officially launched in March 1984, and a test flight took place almost three years after that. In February 1988, the liner was certified in Europe, and in December - in the United States. The first aviation company, which received a novelty, in March 1988, became the French Air France. The Airbus A320 aircraft, the cabin of which is able to accommodate up to 180 passengers, has a cruising speed of 910 km / h and is designed for a flight range of up to 4900 km.
Designers constantly make innovations in the model and modernize it in accordance with the requirements of the time. According to representatives of the manufacturer, work is currently under way to improve the engines, which will be 16 percent more economical. Moreover, the result should be an increase in the range of airliners of the Airbus 320 family by about 950 km and an increase of two tons in their payload.