An orthopedist is what kind of doctor treats what diseases. Special features
The orthopedist is what kind of doctor? He is a specialist, to refer to which is appropriate in cases where there are any diseases or defects relating to the musculoskeletal system. Within the framework of consideration of what this doctor does, it is possible to note in particular developmental defects that are relevant for the skeletal system, as well as congenital forms of pathologies and complications that develop as a result of the transmission of infectious diseases. In addition, domestic injuries along with various injuries and conditions during the post-traumatic period can be attributed to this list. So, let's find out in more detail: an orthopedist is what kind of doctor, and what diseases does he treat?
So, an orthopedist deals with diseases related to the skeletal system. Specialization, which owns one or another orthopedic surgeon, determines the specific areas of features of its activities. We present the existing options for this kind of areas:
- Ambulatory or, as it is otherwise called, conservative orthopedics. In this situation, consider the implementation of preventive measures against diseases of the musculoskeletal system in a clinical setting, where it takes an orthopedist. In addition, this direction is concentrated in the framework of the implementation of non-operational measures of treatment on the effects on diseases of the joints and bones.
- Endoprosthesis replacement technique. This direction focuses on the implementation of measures related to the surgical prosthetics of bones and joints, which is especially important in those situations in which it is no longer possible to save them using other methods of treatment.
- Surgical field of activity. The orthopedic surgeon is what kind of doctor? In the framework of this direction of orthopedics, treatment of the spine, feet, teeth and hands is performed. This trend is considered radical in the treatment, as it affects the ligaments, joints and bones of a person.
- What diseases does an orthopedist treat in traumatology? As methods of treatment, conservative and surgical therapy is used, which is focused on the impact on injuries that are in some way connected with the bone system.This includes, in addition, the timely fixation of fractures, along with measures that are sent to correct defects of the joints. In the field of traumatology, they also deal with the correction of old forms of defects. Sports orthopedics also include in this direction. Its goal is to treat specific injuries acquired by athletes in the course of their activities.
- Pediatric orthopedics, or, as it is also called, adolescent orthopedics. This direction of orthopedics focuses on the prevention and the required treatment of defects that are relevant to the bone system. Children's orthopedist - what kind of doctor? This is a specialist whom small children under one year of age receive at the reception. Quite often, adults become older patients along with teenagers.
What does the orthopedist treat? The tasks of the doctor
Based on all the above features that determine the specificity of the orthopedic activity as a specific specialist, it should be summarized and indicate what this doctor treats:
- Muscle diseases.
- Joint problems.
- Sprain tendons.
- Damage to the ligaments.
- Bone injuries.
- Nerve endings.
All this is done by an orthopedist. What organs does this doctor treat? With regard to this issue, it should be noted that this specialist is engaged in the back, feet, shoulder blades, knee and hip joints, humerus, teeth, and so on.
The orthopedist and the pathologies he deals with
What are the diseases of orthopedic doctors? If we talk about specific ailments, we should highlight the following list of their main types:
- The presence of curvature of the feet, along with flatfoot, clubfoot.
- Congenital diseases in the form of dysplasia of joints and torticollis. Often need help orthopedist infants. What kind of doctor is this? About this below.
- The presence of patients with bursitis, arthrosis, that is, diseases that are accompanied by inflammation of the periarticular bags and joints as well.
- The development of osteochondrosis, that is, a chronic disease that is accompanied by a lesion of the spine in the region of its specific segments.
- Dislocation of the joints along with fractures of the bones and Ewing's tumor.
- The development of rheumatoid arthritis, that is, a system-wide chronic disease, the characteristics of the course of which suggest damage to the bone system, which can in turn lead to severe forms of joint deformity.Such a pathology in some situations may be a prerequisite for subsequent disability in a patient.
- The presence of osteogenic sarcoma.
- The development of deforming osteosis along with chondromyxosarcoma.
When do I need to contact an orthopedist?
It should be noted that some of the types of diseases that were listed are only a small part of their existing options. In addition, the diversity of such discrepancies is noted not only in pathologies, but also in treatment methods that concern injuries and diseases of the skeletal system.
Diseases of the joints, bones, ligaments, spine and tissues that are located in the immediate vicinity of the affected area may be congenital or acquired during life, and, in addition, may have an infectious nature of occurrence. Acquired pathologies are always associated with any injury or occupational injuries along with metabolic disorders. Infectious diseases occur due to concomitant inflammation as a result of the transfer of a disease.
The development of various bone disorders occurs, as a rule, in a very slow manner, because the first symptoms, which could require consultation of an orthopedist, may have a mild appearance. But a serious and pronounced manifestation of symptoms will be noted at the stage of large-scale lesions that arise against the background of pathological processes. Given this feature, a visit to the orthopedic office should be regular, and this should be done from an early age.
Traumatologist-orthopedist - this is a doctor? We will understand more in this issue.
When do I need to contact an orthopedic traumatologist?
In this situation, as is already clear from the specified direction of the doctor’s specialization, it is about his connection with various injuries, as well as the elimination of their consequences. In this regard, a number of reasons are determined, within the framework of which a visit to the orthopedic-traumatologist’s office is required:
- Fractures that result in impaired bone function.
- Repeated transfer by the patient of fractures.
- Residual signs of human transmission of polio.
- Not ending, but, moreover, persistent pain in the spine, limbs and joints.
- The presence of sprains, bruises, frostbite, insect bites or animals.
- Deformation of the limbs or other injuries inflicted on the spine, chest.
- Damage to the function of small and large joints.
Surgical and closed intervention
As part of the treatment being carried out, the orthopedist-traumatologist can apply surgical and closed intervention techniques. This technique is called redressation. In this situation, a step-by-step correction by the orthopedic doctor of pathological disorders that are relevant to the patient, and, in addition, deformities in the area of individual joints, which belong to the support and movement system, is meant. The doctor makes this correction with his hands. Especially in this case we are talking about the correction of contracture, clubfoot, as well as curvature of the limbs as a result of rickets, fibrous ankylosis, fractures, which resulted in incorrect splicing and so on.
This is what the orthopedist treats and does. What kind of doctor is this? This question can be heard from patients quite often.
When is an urgent visit to an orthopedist required?
There is a certain group of symptoms, on the basis of which an urgent appeal to an orthopedic surgeon is required, since such a pathological condition can act as a peculiarsignal, which will indicate the development of a serious disease process, and, in fact, the disease itself. Such a need for medical assistance should be discussed in the event of the following symptoms:
- The presence of crunch in the joints.
- Poor mobility of joints.
- Feeling numb hands.
- The appearance of swelling of the joints.
- Soreness in joints during any even the most insignificant movements.
- The appearance of pain in the back.
- Impaired posture along with a rapidly emerging feeling of fatigue.
- The presence of aching pain and muscle aches, which are caused by weather changes.
There is, in addition, a number of diseases, the development of which determines the need for a patient to have a regular visit to the orthopedist. Among them are the following types of diseases:
Moreover, orthopedic traumatologists may recommend preventive measures for regular sports activities, and, moreover, when choosing extreme types of recreation as a way to spend their time. In this case, it will be possible to carry out the elimination of certain injuries in a timely manner, which, in turn, will make it possible to eliminate the problems associated with them in the future.
A dental orthopedist is what kind of doctor?
This specialist eliminates a variety of disorders in the oral cavity and maxillofacial area:
- Restores the integrity of individual teeth. Makes micro-prostheses.
- Restores the integrity of the dentition.
- It manufactures prostheses replacing defects of the soft tissues of the maxillofacial area after injuries, including after surgical interventions.
- Treats diseases of the temporomandibular joint.
- Carries out the correction and repair of prostheses already existing in the patient.
This is what a doctor is an orthopedist in dentistry.
When should a child be taken to a pediatric orthopedist?
There are a number of different circumstances in which you should visit this specialist with your child. Due to timely access to the orthopedist, it is possible to achieve effective results regarding the elimination of developing pathologies. Plus, it is possible to correct the innate forms of any diseases associated with the motor system, if any. So, to such circumstances include the presence of the following defects:
- The defective position of the hip, which can be noted in a newborn baby.This usually occurs with congenital dislocations.
- Children's fatigue while walking. Visible severity of gait. In this situation, as a rule, we are talking about flat feet.
- A noticeable slouch along with a constant tilt of the head to the same shoulder. In this case, most likely, we have to talk about torticollis.
- Complaints of the child on the periodic appearance of pain in the arms and legs, and, moreover, in the neck or in the back.
- The presence of clubfoot, in which visually it seems that the child rakes in foot during his walk.
How is the first reception?
Very often, patients are interested in how the first reception at the orthopedist takes place. In order to get a rough idea of this, let us tell about the main nuances of visiting this specialist:
- The orthopedist visually assesses the anatomical structure relevant to the skeletal system. In this situation, correctness is analyzed along with the irregularity of the structure. This stage is especially important when examining newborns.
- The specialist determines the amplitude of movements relevant to the affected joints.
- A doctor is prescribed fluoroscopy, within which, as a rule, the alleged diagnosis is refined or otherwise refuted.
- The presence of complex forms of diseases may require the need for such research methods as computed tomography along with magnetic resonance imaging.
We considered who it is - an orthopedic surgeon and what this specialist treats.