Blood cancer: symptoms and signs of the disease in adults and children
Nowadays, we are increasingly confronted with such a dangerous disease as blood cancer, and children suffer the most from it. A terrible disease annually takes millions of lives. What is this disease and how it manifests itself, we consider in detail.
What is cancer?
Blood cancer, whose symptoms are pronounced, is a malignant neoplasm that develops from a single bone marrow cell, blood or lymph due to its rapid division in a short time period. At the same time, newly formed cells inhibit the growth and development of all other healthy ones. That is why the symptoms of the disease are directly related to the lack of certain “working” cells in the body of a sick person.
Blood cancer involves the violation of blood, the formation of active immature cells in the bone marrow, lymph nodes, blood and spleen.It is customary to distinguish three types of blood cancer depending on the symptoms:
- Multiple myeloma. The tumor develops from lymph cells.
- Leukemia, or leukemia. Cancer develops from blood cells.
- Lymphoma - plasma malignant neoplasms.
Blood Cancer: Symptoms and Signs
The disease can affect people of absolutely any age and gender. It is accompanied by symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, enlarged lymph nodes, spleen and liver, fever. Anemia, cachexia develop, bleeding from mucous membranes appear, weight is rapidly lost, pain in bones and muscles appears. People have a headache and aversion to various smells, inexplicable irritability, drowsiness.
It is important that in the early stages of cancer, the symptoms of the blood may not show. But you should pay attention to the increase in lymph nodes in the neck, collarbone, under the arms, in the groin. This may signal the development of the disease, so it is recommended to be examined.
In cancer, tumor tissue begins to grow at the site of bone marrow concentration, gradually replacing healthy sprouts of blood formation.As a result, anemia, granulocytopenia, and thrombocytopenia develop, leading to hemorrhages, decreased immunity, infectious complications, and high bleeding. Gradually, metastases begin to appear in different organs: the liver, lymph nodes, and so on. They may appear changes that are caused by obturating blood vessels by cancer cells, for example, heart attacks or ulcers. The important point here is that the cancer of the blood, the symptoms of which we are examining, can provoke memory impairment, which is associated with impaired blood circulation. In addition, in the presence of lesions on the skin there is a long process of healing.
Blood cancer: symptoms in the later stages
Blood cancer develops quite rapidly, so new ones will soon be added to the above symptoms. So, shortness of breath, anorexia, pain in the bones, back, abdomen appear, eyesight also deteriorates, weight is lost, nausea and sweating are added to everything listed above.
Symptoms of blood cancer in adults are very pronounced in the late stages of the disease. So, during this period, the body of a sick person is susceptible to infections, often there is a fever, bleeding from the nose, gums, and dark spots on the skin may appear.Man becomes absent-minded.
Such a diagnosis is fatal for most people. In its lymphocytic form, leukemia is manifested mainly in children, but this disease affects adults to a lesser extent.
Cancer of the blood in children has the following symptoms: severe fever with increased body temperature, decreased immunity, pain in the joints, an increase in certain internal organs, and poor blood clotting.
This type of cancer affects the lymphatic system, so the patient's body resistance to infections and other diseases decreases. Blood cancer symptoms have these: the presence of tumors in the neck, groin, and so on. It all depends on the location of the cancer.
This disease affects the bone marrow, which leads to the loss of the ability to reproduce healthy cells of all kinds. Because of this, a person is at risk of various infectious diseases, he has anemia, with a minor blow, bruises and bruises are formed. Blood cancer, the symptoms of which were listed above, leads to pain in the bones, bleeding of the gums and the appearance of bleeding from the nose.
If a person assumes the presence of such a disease as blood cancer (its symptoms are already noticeable), it is necessary to begin diagnosis. First of all, you need to do a blood test, also take a bone marrow puncture, conduct a biopsy. Recently, physicians have increasingly begun to use immunohistochemistry, thanks to which the nature of the neoplasms can be accurately determined. Timely diagnosis makes it possible to immediately begin treatment that can save lives.
When treating a disease such as blood cancer, antibiotics, hormones, antiviral and immunostimulating drugs are prescribed. However, chemotherapy is most often performed, which is intravenous administration in large doses of toxic drugs that destroy cancer cells. But such a procedure has certain consequences - healthy cells are also damaged. First of all, hair follicles suffer, so the hair falls out, the cells of the gastrointestinal tract, the reproductive system, the bone marrow. If time does not carry out treatment, patients die within five months.
Blood cancer, the symptoms on the skin of which are also pronounced (dark spots appear), can be treated by bone marrow transplantation.Using a puncture method, bone marrow cells are taken from a healthy donor and parenterally injected into the patient. But before this high dose of a certain chemical drug in a patient, all the cells of the bone marrow are destroyed. It should be noted that this procedure is quite dangerous and is carried out in the presence of especially malignant tumors.
Blood cancer (symptoms, photos of patients with this disease are presented in this article), of course, a very terrible disease. Its outcome depends on the shape of the tumor. So, in acute leukemia, death occurs much faster than in other forms of blood cancer. Chronic leukemia is better treated.
Thus, blood cancer is characterized by disorders in the formation of red blood cells, platelets and leukocytes. This disease can occur in two forms: acute and chronic. In the acute form of cancer, patients die within a few weeks or months. If the form is chronic, then remission of the disease is possible with timely detection of the disease and treatment. If a person has noticed any of the listed symptoms, he is recommended to seek advice and diagnosis in a medical institution.Timely diagnosis and initiation of treatment can significantly prolong life.
Blood cancer is a disease, the development of which originates from a single cell that is located in the bone marrow. It divides uncontrollably in a short period of time, displaces the growth of healthy blood cells. Accordingly, the symptoms of the disease are directly related to the lack of certain normal cells in the human body. There is no tumor as such; it is as if scattered throughout the body and circulates with blood flow.
Malignant diseases often occur in children from two to five years. This is most likely due to radiation exposure, as well as heredity. The disease is manifested by the following symptoms: pain in the back, bones, joints, fatigue, pale skin, enlargement of the spleen, liver, and so on. Early treatment increases the chances of recovery or remission for many years. Do not delay the visit to the hospital if you find the above symptoms.