Brave travel, which was not! Cheats brave travelers
Travel can be, on the one hand, exciting and delightful, on the other - exhausting, dangerous, and sometimes boring. In addition, it is much easier to talk about travel than to actually implement it. It is not surprising that many “heroic stories” of travelers turned out to be, to put it mildly, greatly exaggerated. Here are a few such stories ...
Donald Crowhurst and his alleged participation in the Golden Globe Race
In the late 60s, Donald Crowhurst made the whole world believe that he was sailing around the world at a record speed. The British amateur yachtsman was one of seven participants in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race, which began and ended on the southern coast of England. The winner had to get a solid prize, and Crowhurst really hoped to get it in order to fix the affairs of his own company.
Seaman Crowhurst was inexperienced.Despite the fact that the yacht was equipped with the latest word, breakdowns and leaks began and it soon became clear that honestly he could not win this race for anything.
Then, without saying a word to anyone, Crowhurst fizzled out. While his rivals were sailing across the oceans, our hero sat on the shore, broadcasting reports on his imaginary journey. He got so carried away that he did not notice how he “broke the world record” set earlier on the same route.
As Crowhurst's rivals gradually went out of the race for various reasons, his name sounded more and more, and more and more people looked at the horizon, hoping to see the “hero's triumphant return”.
But the return did not take place. When the only finalist for this regatta Robin Knox-Johnston returned to England, Crowhurst panicked for fear of exposure.
His drifting boat was found July 10, 1969 in the Caribbean. The adventurer himself disappeared without a trace. Many believe that he committed suicide.
Christian Stangl and his imaginary ascent to K2
The Austrian mountaineer Christian Stangl spent three summers in a row on K2, hoping to climb to the second highest peak of the world, and finally, in August 2010, he returned to base camp and announced that he had realized his plan.And he did it in a phenomenally short time - just four days.
That season, no one else reached the summit, and one climber died along the way. Not surprisingly, the experts had doubts - Shtangl did not appear in camp 3, and the GPS signal from the top did not come either. The climber provided only one photo to prove his ascent, but what was interesting was that it seemed to be taken from a lower place than pictures of other people who did not come close to the top.
In the end, Shtangl confessed to his deception, explaining it by hallucinations from rarefied air. He assured that he really believed that he was on top. To the credit of Shtangl, it must be said that in 2012 he rehabilitated, having conquered this peak. This time the ascent was confirmed - he sent signals with his coordinates 21 times and took a circular panorama on the video.
Frederick Cook and his scam with climbing Mount McKinley
The American Frederick Cook (Frederick Cook) was an outstanding traveler, who actually visited many places where “no man’s foot” had come before him. But he became famous not only for his real achievements, but also imaginary.
Between 1891 and 1903, Cook took part in three large-scale expeditions: two to the Arctic and one to McKinley.
In 1906, Cook decided to make a second attempt at climbing McKinley. When he returned, he said that he had reached the summit, which no one had ever managed to subdue before, and provided a photograph as evidence. Three years later it turned out that this picture was taken on top of a small mountain, which is 19 miles from McKinley.
Cook's reputation was stained. The descriptions of the landscape around the summit, which he made for the magazine, were far from reality. And the first real conqueror of McKinley in June 1913 was the climber Hudson Stack.
Eric Rayback and his "hike" on the Pacific Ridge Route
Eric Ryback was only 17 years old when in 1969 he first climbed the Appalachian Trail (North America). Three years later, he became the first person to cross all three of America’s farthest pedestrian routes.
However, soon there were rumors that the young man was hitchhiking, so that with respect to some sections of the Pacific Ridge Route (full name - Pacific National Hiking Trail), one cannot say that he “passed” them.After that, the glory of the traveler Raibak faded somewhat. By this time, he had already written a book about his adventures in a campaign - there and back.
When the publisher of the Wilderness Press guidebook stated in the press that Rybak used motor transport on the march, he sued him for libel and estimated the damage done to him at three million dollars. In response, Wilderness Press published the testimony of several people who actually drove Raibak.
I had to would-traveler withdraw his lawsuit.
Cesare Maestri's imaginary ascent to the top of Cerro Torre
In 1959, an Italian named Cesare Maestri (Cesare Maestri) went to Argentina, where, in a team with Australian Toni Egger, he attempted to climb Cerro Torre Mountain in Patagonia, which had previously been considered unconquerable.
A few days later, Maestri was found at the foot of a mountain, in the snow. He said that they managed to conquer the summit, but on the descent there was a tragedy - Egger was hit by an avalanche and died.
Maestri had no evidence of ascent. No one believed him, because above a certain level no trace of Maestri and Egger was found.For the next ten years, no one dared approach the summit of Cerro Torre. But in 1970, Maestri returned here to make a second attempt to climb and dispel skeptics' doubts. On the route, he used a compressor, which knocked over 70 bolts into the wall. Subsequently, this route began to be called "Compressor".
Unfortunately, this attempt was not crowned with success.
A few years later, Maestri somehow let the reporters slip into their hearts: “What I did was the most important attempt at climbing in the world. And I did it alone. But this does not mean that I reached the top, do you understand? ”
That is, almost confessed to deception.
Swim across the Atlantic, which simply could not be
In early February 2009, the Associated Press news agency reported a triumphant completion of the swim across the Atlantic, which was made by an American named Jennifer Figg, who overcame 2,100 miles (about 3,380 km).
The report said that Figg began her swim on January 12 in Cape Verde (West Africa). This figure has forced many attentive people to re-read the note again: from January 12 to the beginning of February.This is less than a month! This means that a woman had to swim at least 80 miles (about 130 km) per day - almost five kilometers per hour non-stop. And so almost a month. In the end, it turned out that Figg (who accompanied the ship) was not even going to sail the ocean, and the journalists themselves invented this swim, which could not be by definition.
"Victory" marathons Rosie Ruiz
In 1979, Rosie Ruiz ran the New York Marathon in two hours and 56 minutes, which won the right to participate in an even more prestigious competition.
In 1980, Rosie crossed the finish line of the Boston Marathon, breaking the record for women. However, there was one oddity - the 23-year-old champion almost did not sweat. Yes, and other participants of the marathon could not remember that they had seen her somewhere nearby in the last 150 minutes of competition. The organizers began to ask Ruiz questions, and it turned out that the details of the route were completely weathered from her head.
In the end, the girl admitted that soon after the start she left the race, drove into the subway and joined other marathon runners a few tens of meters before the finish.
After this, the result that Ruiz showed during the New York Marathon was also challenged.