Cauliflower: cultivation and care
Cauliflower is an annual plant, quite demanding for soil and care. In the Arab countries, it has been cultivated since antiquity, in Europe it appeared in the XIV century and was accessible only to the nobility, since its seeds were brought from Constantinople itself. This cabbage finally got accustomed here only in the XIX century. From here she came to Russia.
Cauliflower, the cultivation of which in our country is mainly done by seedling, is a rather early ripening crop. Her interesting heads-inflorescences ripen 2–3 weeks earlier than cabbage heads. Some summer residents, in order to have them on the table for the whole season, plant seedlings in several stages, most often in three, with an interval of 1 month. The first landing is carried out in March. Cauliflower, the cultivation of which for seedlings is produced both in boxes and in containers for better growth, requires very nutritious, light soil. You can cook it yourself. To do this, mix one share of humus and three - peat.It is advisable to steam the mixture in the oven for 40 minutes to destroy the pathogens. Boxing is carried out according to the 5x5 scheme. In this case, cauliflower, the cultivation of which begins with abundant watering, requires a subsequent pick into containers. This is done about a week and a half after the first sprouts sprout. When transferring the seedlings are sinking into the soil along the cotyledon leaves and slightly compacted.
Cauliflower seedlings are transported to the open ground quite early - in early / mid-May. The fact is that it is quite easy to make small frosts. Best of all, if at the same time the bush will have at least 4 leaves. In the ground it is planted under the scheme 50x30. Care cauliflower, the cultivation of which is best carried out in very well-lit areas, requires quite serious. The most important thing is to water it in time. Even to the short-term drying out of the soil or the lack of nutrients, this cabbage variety is very sensitive. Immediately after the transfer of seedlings it needs to be watered daily. In the future, it will be enough several times a week. Two weeks after the transfer, it is also necessary to feed the bushes with mullein. To do this, it is mixed with water at the rate of 1 to 15.For the second feeding, which needs to be done after another three weeks, use complex mineral fertilizer. For the third time, the plants are fed with potassium sulfate after the heads begin to tie.
Many mistresses often confuse this variety with a variety like broccoli. Cabbage, the cultivation of which is characterized by greater simplicity, has a head of green or purple hue. In color, they are white or yellowish, getting a stable harvest from it is somewhat more difficult. Heads must be protected from direct sunlight, otherwise they may turn yellow, break up into separate buds and fade. To do this, the leaves surrounding the head of cabbage are collected above it in a bunch and grab with a rubber band. Over-grown heads are not suitable for food. You need to collect them on time. Cauliflower on the table, according to some scientists, is much more useful than even the traditional white cabbage. Recently, various types of this family began to enjoy popularity among our gardeners. Brussels sprouts are very interesting, the cultivation of which is characterized by sufficient simplicity.It is not too demanding on the soil and frost resistant. Her kochanchiki different nut-sweetish pleasant taste.
The cabbage family has many different species. They all have a high content of beneficial vitamins and minerals. Therefore, to grow these plants in the area is definitely worth it.