Causes of Vomiting

Vomiting is a low-grade but frequent symptom of many conditions and diseases. What are the causes of vomiting? It can signal such pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract as diseases:

  • stomach (ulcers, acute gastritis),
  • esophagus (strictures, achalasia, esophagitis),
  • oral cavity
  • pancreas (tumors, pancreatitis),
  • large and small intestine (mesenteric circulation insufficiency, chronic duodenal obstruction, enteritis, intolerance to cereal gluten),
  • gallbladder (tumors, cholecystitis),
  • liver (tumors, hepatitis),
  • with peritonitis of various origins.

In addition, vomiting can accompany many bacterial or viral infections, acute poisoning, vascular and heart lesions, neuropsychiatric diseases, nephrological pathologies, lung diseases, anesthesia and surgery, chemotherapy in the treatment of tumors, "motion sickness", and toxicosis of pregnant women.

Causes of Bile Vomiting

The presence of bile is easily determined by the color of the extirpated gastric masses: they have a yellowish-green color.At the same time in the mouth remains a stable bitter taste. The circumstances of such vomiting are different, and an accurate diagnosis can only be established in a hospital. And provoke vomiting bile could:

  • eating too fatty or stale foods;
  • exacerbation of chronic diseases of the pancreas, gallbladder or liver;
  • acute stage of cholecystitis, pancreatitis, cholelithiasis (with a large volume of vomiting);
  • duodenitis, gastritis, duodenal or gastric ulcer;
  • chemotherapy.

Virtually all causes of biliary vomiting can be divided into two categories. The first is the injection of bile directly into the stomach cavity (mainly due to problems with the functioning of the pyloric sphincter). The second is intestinal obstruction.

Causes of vomiting blood

To begin with, it is desirable to determine the color of emetic blood. If there is a presence of bright blood streaks in the ejected masses, if vomiting blood has a bright red color, this indicates its freshness. Most likely, there is a rapid and recent bleeding in the upper digestive tract. If the vomit is black, brown or dark red, the blood in the stomach has already experienced the effects of gastric juice.

The probable causes of severe hematemesis (there is a danger to life):

  • Acute inflammation of the gastric membrane due to the use of alcohol, steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen, aspirin, blood thinners.
  • Damage to the esophagus due to ingestion of alkali or acid.
  • The increased pressure of the veins in the stomach or esophagus caused by increased pressure on the intra-abdominal veins, chronic alcoholism or another cause.
  • A rupture of the esophagus, resulting from the consumption of excessive amounts of food by patients suffering from Berchava syndrome.
  • Inflammation of the membrane of the lining, developed as a result of chronic alcoholism or radiotherapy of the esophagus.
  • The tear appeared at the junction of the stomach and esophagus as a result of severe vomiting.
  • A stomach ulcer caused by surgery, burn, disease, injury or alcoholism.
  • Gullet ulcer.

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