The shashka (Cherkessk. \ Adyg. “Sashho” - “long knife”) is a long-bladed slashing-piercing cold weapon, a single-blade blade, slightly curved, two-blade at the combat end, in Russia with a blade length of 81 to 88 cm, the Circassian is lighter and shorter.
Ephesus without a cross (guard), which is a characteristic feature of this type of weapon. Two types of checkers are known: checkers with a handle that looks like saber, but they are not (dragoon type), and more common checkers without a handle (Caucasian and Asian types).
The first samples of drafts as an auxiliary weapon were used in the XII-XIII centuries, until the disappearance of armor and the need for this kind of weapon, checkers only supplement swords and sabers. But even the cuirass and saber disappear in the XIX century ousted the saber first in the Caucasus and then in Russia, being borrowed from the Circassians (Circassians) by the Terek and Kuban Cossacks. In the XIX century, the checker was adopted by the Russian army as the statutory type of cold arms of almost all cavalry units.
I. - Blade.
Ii. - Ephesus.
III. - Sheath.
a) - Warhead.
b) - Protective part.
1. The blade, 2. The tip, 3. Butt (dumb), 4. Dol, 5.False blade, 6. Center of impact, 7. Heel, 8. Back, handles, 9. Abdomen handles, 10. "Goose" (top of the hilt), 11. Hole for thong, 12. Mouth of the scabbard, 13. Cut through the first belt of belt, 14. Obinitsa, 15. Ring for the second belt of the belt, 16. Tip of the sheath.
A saber is an offensive chopping weapon that does not imply defensive techniques and long fencing, with a saber it is applied with fast powerful chopping blows, which are difficult to close or dodge, a saber injection is possible, but is difficult due to balance. For the convenience of pulling out the sheath, the checkers were fastened on one or two rings to the waist or shoulder belt with the blade up, since to perform a chopping blow from the top down, it is easier to quickly remove the piece from the sheath from this position. The advantage of checkers is cheap and massive, as well as the ability to quickly train a pair of simple and effective strikes from an unprepared recruit. The Red Army's cavalry charter (248 pages) shows only three hits (right, down right and down left) and four shots (half a turn to the right, half a turn to the left, down the right and down to the left).
In Russia, the checker was adopted by all cavalry units, artillery maids and the officer corps. In 1881, under the leadership of Lieutenant-General A. P.Gorlova was reformed weapons in order to establish a single type of cold weapons for all types of troops. After the October Revolution of 1917, the checkers were adopted by the Red Army, except for the Caucasian national units, which still have checkers of the national sample. For the commanding staff, a dragoon type saber was adopted; The issue of checkers was discontinued in the 1950s due to the disbanding of the cavalry units of the Soviet Army, in the spring of 1998 the large-scale production of checkers was resumed for collectors and sales.