Day of the taxi driver: history and features of the holiday
All-Russian calendar is fullprofessional holidays and thematic dates. Not without attention there were also motorists. They accept congratulations at the end of October on Driver's Day, in August they receive gifts from truckers, military motorists send wishes in May, and Day of the taxi driver is celebrated in March. By the way, the last mentioned holiday is found not only in the Russian calendar, this day is celebrated all over the world, therefore it is the proud name of the international one.
And this is significant for employeestaxi service on 22 March. It was on this day more than a hundred years ago on the roads of London came out specialized cars in the cabin which were installed devices that determine the cost of travel. Then these counters were called taximeters, which in French means "pay", and from the Greek - "measurement". Since then, this type of transport has received its name - a taxi, and the carriers have been renamed taxi drivers.
History of the holiday
Transportation of passengers for money exists withancient times. But do not confuse the drivers of a registered vehicle with a coachman, drawn by horses. This kind of cartage of citizens started in the first half of the 17th century. Then the customers also paid for the trip according to distance, but this can hardly be considered a history of the appearance of a taxi. Because in this case we should already mention chariots in the period of antiquity in ancient Rome.
In attempts to delve into the history of distinguished themselvesThe French, who are not satisfied that the Day of the taxi driver originated in Britain. According to French historians, one should take into account the fact that in the cities of France as early as 1896 the so-called phiakra moved. They were hired light carriages, which moved without the aid of horses. But taxis are not phiakres, but cars, so the International Day of the taxi driver leaves the right for London to call itself the birthplace of this holiday.
The origin of taxis in Russia
In Russia, the birth and development of the taxi industryaccounted for in 1908. Then taxis were present in all the major cities of the country, but the taxi fleet in the province did not exceed 30 cars. Only in St. Petersburg and Moscow, passenger transportation on cars became common. Then the taxi fleet of the capital filled more than 230 cars. But during the October Revolution, the development of the taxi industry stopped. And only June 21, 1925 the government decided to reopen regular taxi service, which included 15 cars. It is this date that modern Moscow taxi drivers call the Day of Russian Taxi. This day, as well as the International Day of the taxi driver, was the occasion for congratulations.
The unique color of the taxi
It should be noted that all taxi cabsall over the world have a bright coloring. The first British taxis were painted in green and red. But the traditional yellow color was fixed for a taxi thanks to the American businessman John Hertz (John Hertz). He was the owner of a large corporation Hertz Corporation, engaged in car rental. Buying old cars, the American repainted them in yellow and put them into operation in the form of a taxi. It is easy to guess that such catchy colors of cars could easily be seen on the streets of the city. Later this habit was borrowed by many similar offices. And yellow taxis have become classics in all countries of the world.
Another hallmark of a taxi is thea pattern in the form of checkers. Its goal is also to attract the attention of passengers, besides this ornament caused associations with racing cars, more precisely, with their speed and speed of movement.
Features of the taxi driver
But it's time to pay attention to the drivers themselves, andmore precisely, taxi drivers. To proudly celebrate the Day of a taxi driver, it is not enough to have a yellow car with a checker, the main thing here is another. The profession of the driver is not an easy one. In everyday life and the taxi driver's work there are many difficulties and peculiarities. He must perfectly master the technique of driving by transport, to know the rules of the road, to be able to maneuver in the city bustle and traffic jams, to know the names of streets and nearby territories.
There is one more specific moment in the professiontaxi driver - communication with people. It is necessary to remain polite with the client in any situation, maintain an endurance and calmness, and this is very difficult if the alcoholic, boring or rude is in the salon nearby. After all, once you break, you can lose your job for a long time. Also, the driver is also completely responsible for the life and health of the passenger.
Do not envy the taxi drivers and in the schedule of work. A clear schedule, night shifts, breaking the daily routine can seriously affect your health. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account all the difficulties of working days of taxi drivers and on March 22 to give all men of this profession a sincere smile, fill them with congratulations and gifts.
Holiday taxi driver
In today's world, find congratulations on the DayThe taxi driver is incredibly simple. Using fantasy, you can easily pick up a wish that will surprise and please the driver, will not give rise to doubt the correctness of the choice of this profession.
The day of a taxi driver in Russia is always noticeable andpleasant festival. One can not help noticing the revival of women in souvenir gift shops, congratulations are always sent by the river on radio stations, and a week before and after the holiday. And the faces of the drivers themselves are filled with joy and fun. Day of the taxi driver for them is a special event, which they quite deservedly and happily celebrate.