"Immersion in the swamp"

10-11-2017, 18:16
Exactly 35 years ago, Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, died. What did they write about the death of a Soviet state and party leader abroad?
"Immersion in the swamp"
On November 10, 1982, between eight and nine o'clock in the morning, Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, died of a sudden cardiac arrest. He died at the state dacha "Zarechye-6". The first political figure to the place of death came Yuri Andropov. People reported what happened only after a day. Although many people before the official announcement guessed that something extremely serious was happening in the USSR. Television instead of broadcasting a festive concert on the Day of Militia showed a feature film, and sad classical music sounded on the radio all day. Later in the evening, an unusually large number of black cars assembled on the Red Square, carrying the members of the Politburo. These events attracted the attention of Western journalists.
The New York Times: "The Cunning Communist Party Official."
"Immersion in the swamp"
On the eleventh of November in the newspaper The New York Times appeared the news of the deathLeonid Brezhnev with a photo and the following heading: “Brezhnev died in the USSR at the age of 75; So far, nothing is known about his successor; The United States does not foresee any early political change. ” This material includes only messages from the Russian media about the death of the politician and the bare facts. But in the obituary that was printed on the same day, the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee is spoken of as a “cunning and cautious official of the Communist Party”, who sought to equalize the military power of his country and the United States, as well as ensure the political influence of the USSR throughout the world through politics discharge.
“In internal affairs, being the general secretary of the Communist Party, Mr. Brezhnev, although he was a leader among the members of the Politburo, but treated them as equals, and not as an autocrat. He stated that he wanted his country's economic development to spread to 265 million people, which is more than one sixth of the globe. Both his politics and his health were shaken from such tasks in the last years of his life, ”wrote The New York Times.
"Immersion in the swamp"
In addition, the newspaper remembered how the secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU was before the illness and how it changed after it.
"Mr. Brezhnev’s speeches became difficult,and his features are pale and bloated, apparently as a result of medical procedures for a serious illness that has never been publicly stated. In the midst of his activities in the early 1970s in conversations with Presidents Nixon, Ford, Carter and Secretary of State Heinrich Kissinger, he was a rough, gray-haired, black-browed figure 5 feet 10 inches tall, sociable and talkative, but powerful and aware of his power over around and opponents. Then he had a reputation as a lover of good food and drinks, fast cars, which he collected, and hunting, “- said in the pages of the American daily.
Der Spiegel: "He is worried about the world."
"Immersion in the swamp"
Most of the forty-sixth number of the German newspaper Der Spiegel, which was released on November 15, 1982, was devoted to the personality of Brezhnev and his successor Andropov. The obituary “Brezhnev: trusting opposition” publishes the memoirs of the fourth Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, Willy Brandt, about the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee.
“Since the summer of 1970, we rarely met each other, but when we saw each other, we talked for many hours. I think that together we would be able to do more in the interests of the world, but the stars ordered otherwise.And he, of course, was not just an elderly angel of the world (if the angels could grow old). No, Brezhnev was a man of his party, his state and his international ambitions. He knew what he wanted. And he used to weigh interests, ask questions regarding the survival of peoples or even humanity. At our meeting in the Kremlin last summer, the Secretary General, who also became Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, during our acquaintance showed himself in such a way that I could say without exaggeration that he (even he) feels for peace. This did not contradict his well-known role in politics, ”Brandt told Der Spiegel.
Time: "Hard times are still ahead."
"Immersion in the swamp"
The American weekly magazine Time also posted portraits of Brezhnev and Andropov in their pivot. In the issue, published on November 22, under the heading "Tips" an article "Plunging deeper into the swamp" was published. In it, the journalists summed up the policies of the old General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU and spoke about the goals that face the new one - “for the new boss, the main task is to stop the stagnation of the economy.”
“Although the Soviet standard of living almost doubled during the reign of Leonid Brezhnev, he left behind an economy that was slipping into deep trouble. Plants are being destroyed.Farms cannot feed people. Oil production peaks and may soon fall. After decades of steady progress, growth has seriously slowed, ”Time writes and predicts that“ difficult times are still ahead. ”
La Stampa: "Under it, the USSR grew into a superpower."
"Immersion in the swamp"
A large amount of material about Brezhnev was also published in the Italian weekly newspaper La Stampa. The material under the heading “Continuity in the leadership of the OJSC“ Russian Empire ”” described the childhood years of the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, his youth, his arrival in politics, as well as the time when he was in power. The USSR ruled the country for almost as long as Stalin ”, and the Union changed during the“ reign ”of Leonid Ilyich.
“The arrival of Brezhnev to power played a decisive role in the formation of the new Soviet life. Under it, the USSR really grew into a superpower. He gained weight in world politics and unprecedented stability inside the country after many years of hard and bloody authoritarianism of Stalin, as well as violent and sometimes disorienting “liberalism” of Khrushchev, ”wrote the publication.
Le Monde: “I feel great excitement and grief.”
"Immersion in the swamp"
On the twelfth of November, on the pages of the French newspaper Le Monde, two materials appeared at once with the memories of politicians about the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU. In the first, former French Prime Minister Maurice Couve de Murville describes Brezhnev as a typical representative of the Russian spirit - with a mixture of caution and strong will.
“Brezhnev was really the king of all Russians: twenty-two years of absolute power, which no one doubted. At this time, the Soviet Union calmly walked toward becoming a great world power. His policy in relations with the West can be described as a mixture of tough decisions with smart devices that allowed Russia to establish itself in the world, ”said Maurice Couve de Murville Le Monde.
And in the second, French politician Georges Marchais expressed condolences over the death of Brezhnev and said that during his lifetime the Soviet leader did everything to achieve lasting peace and disarmament.
“I feel great excitement and grief when I read the news about the death of Leonid Brezhnev. I knew him well and had the opportunity to talk to him several times. This man was ready for discussion and joint action.In particular, we agreed in January 1980 to establish new solidary relations between the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and our party.
"Immersion in the swamp"
I saw how much Leonid Brezhnev was imbued with hatred of war. And all because in his youth, he was faced with enormous misfortunes that the entire Soviet people had experienced. He was animated by a burning desire for peace. Therefore, taking a high position in the USSR, he devoted most of his forces to the search for peace. I think that thanks to his contribution to building a socialist society in his country, history will preserve his name and help to avoid world war in the future and move into a new era of mutual understanding between people and disarmament.

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