DNA Gardnerella vaginalis: analyzes, causes, symptoms and treatment
Many people are wondering what does it mean if Gardnerella vaginalis DNA is detected? In the female and male body there can be not only harmful, but also beneficial bacteria. They live on the skin, in the intestines, on the mucous membrane and in the vagina. Each organ has its own individual microflora, which ensures the full performance of its function. Beneficial microorganisms that live in the vagina, allow to resist various infections that have got into the internal genital organs.
If the balance in the microflora is disturbed, the number of pathogenic microbes increases. Among the most common, DNA of Gardnerella vaginalis is isolated. For this reason, the disease of the same name is developing, which is harmful and requires timely treatment.
Features of the disease
Gardnerellosis or bacterial vaginosis is dominated by Gardnerella microorganisms. These are the smallest bacteria that normally live in the human body.If a woman is healthy, then the lactobacilli that are most likely to create a favorable environment are present in the vagina. If there is a violation of the ratio can occur gardnerellosis with all the unpleasant symptoms of the disease.
Gardnerella vaginalis DNA can appear in both female and male. In men, this disease is least likely to occur because they have a smaller volume of mucous membranes.
If the number of Gardnerell significantly exceeds the allowable values, then the patient has unpleasant symptoms of the disease. If the woman is healthy, then according to the results of the analysis in the body is 105–106. If the index is significantly higher than the norm (for example, Gardnerella vaginalis DNA 10 to the 7th degree is present), then this indicates that infection is present.
Can bacteria migrate?
In the event that pathogenic Gardnerella vaginalis (polukol.) DNA is present in the body for a long time, they can spread through the blood and get into the human mouth. Oral sexual intercourse without the use of protective equipment often infects. Gardnerella can sit in the mouth and begin to actively spread. This accumulates in the tonsils and throat.Often this is accompanied by the appearance of a strong inflammatory process: stomatitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis.
The main types of disease
There are several types of disease in the presence of Gardnerella vaginalis DNA. Classification of pathology along pathological processes:
- Acute appears when a large number of microorganisms enter the body. Symptoms manifest themselves after a few days.
There are several types of disease that have an individual character:
- in severe form, yellow discharge predominates;
- with purulent secret of green color;
- with fibrous bloody secretions;
With the development of the disease may be a secondary infection. Among which there are:
Only a doctor can detect the presence of an infection. If Gardnerella vaginalis DNA is detected above the norm, it is necessary to begin a comprehensive treatment. The process of therapy should be monitored by a doctor. It is not recommended to use traditional methods of therapy, because they can harm.
The development of this disease is influenced not only by the presence of bacteria, but also by the active factor. The index of Gardnerella vaginalis DNA fragments is increasing for the following reasons:
- frequent change of sexual partner;
- antibacterial treatment;
- daily douching;
- the use of poor-quality soaps for intimate hygiene;
- frequent visits to baths, saunas, gym;
- nervous stress and intense experience;
- synthetic linen;
- room humidity;
- infectious disease;
- weak immunity.
To cure a disease, it is necessary to eliminate the effects of negative environmental factors.
How is the disease transmitted?
The disease occurs in perfectly healthy women, if the normal microflora of the vagina is disturbed. Most often, the infection is sexually transmitted, but in some situations the disease develops even if there was no unprotected sexual intercourse. If you do not follow the basic rules of hygiene, then gardnerellosis may occur.
Many are interested in how long the incubation period lasts, if an excessive amount of Gardnerella vaginalis DNA is revealed in men? Symptoms of the disease manifest themselves 2 weeks after infection. The intensity of the manifestation depends on many factors:
- age category of the patient;
- general health;
- the presence of other pathologies that are transmitted through sexual intercourse.
In order to prevent the development of complications, you should visit the doctor in time.
Symptoms of the disease
Many people care what the DNA of Gardnerella vaginalis means? But not everyone knows that this bacterium is present even in a healthy body. If the number of these microorganisms increases, the disease develops. At the initial stage of the development of the disease, signs may be absent. The manifestation of symptoms after a cold, stress, exercise. Among the main symptoms of the disease are:
- pain in the pelvic organs;
- unpleasant sensations manifest in the form of aching intense pain during menstruation;
- the unpleasant sensation intensifies over time and becomes constricting and cramping;
- strange vaginal discharge that has an unpleasant odor and has a yellowish or brownish tint;
- swelling of the soft tissue, if the labia and clitoris are swollen and become too sensitive and painful, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
If itching and burning are felt during urination, this indicates that the bacteria has entered the urethra or bladder.An unpleasant symptom appears already in the final stages of the development of the disease.
How does the disease affect the health of pregnant women and babies?
If the disease is present for a long time, then the opportunity to conceive a baby decreases, every year. If the pregnancy has occurred, there may be problems that relate to the infection of the child. Pathogenic bacteria can enter the body of a baby, so there is a high probability of infection in the period of labor.
Symptoms of the disease during childbearing increases. Manifested in the form of:
- unbearable itching and burning;
- abundant secretions;
- worsening general well-being.
Under such conditions it is forbidden to engage in self-treatment.
Gardnerellosis is often manifested as other common diseases that are transmitted through sexual intercourse. Therefore, it is difficult to make a diagnosis. Only after medical research does a doctor differentiate bacterial vaginosis with other diseases, including:
Using polymerase chain reaction, you can determine the presence of Gardnerella DNA in the patient's body.Using a centrifuge, it is possible to identify the pathology in humans. Examining a gynecological smear under a microscope, the doctor determines the presence of pathology.
To cure bacterial vaginosis, it is necessary to normalize the microflora. For this purpose, medications and special diets are used. In the course of treatment, the doctor prescribes a physiological procedure that strengthens the immune system. With the help of "Poliginax", "Metronidazole", "Clindamycin", "Acylactoxide", "Hexicon", prevent the growth of gardnerella.
To prevent thrush, the treatment is carried out with the use of Clotrimazole, Nystatin, Pimafucin, Levorin, Fluconazole, Flucostat. To normalize the internal environment of the vagina, you can use well-known drugs, namely: "Lactonorm", "Lactobacterin", "Vagilaka", "Laktozhinalya". Using a solution of "Miramistin", "Chlorhexidine", "Furacilin", carry out washing, which helps to remove harmful microorganisms. If Gardnerella vaginalis DNA is a positive doctor, it is likely to prescribe a comprehensive treatment.