Drainpipes: overview, features and specifications
The drainpipe is a kind of pipe rolling. The main purpose of this product is to drain moisture from the roofing. In addition, it is also the protection of walls, the foundation from increased moisture, which significantly increases the life of the entire building. That is why you should not underestimate the importance of drainpipes.
Requirements for water drain
All the elements of the drain, regardless of the material from which it is made, are very serious requirements. At a minimum, the drainage system should cope excellently with its main function for a long time.
It should also look attractive so as not to spoil the general appearance of the building on which it is installed. Let's take a closer look at the question of what should be the diameter of the drain pipe, as well as learn about all the features of installation, and about everything else, as for the drain.
This drainage system is made in the form of pipes. They are installed on the outer walls of the house. This construction begins with a gutter, which collects water from the roof and transports it to the drain pipe through a special hole in the gutter. This happens because of its tendency in the horizontal plane. In order for the drainage system to look aesthetically pleasing, pipes must be positioned strictly vertically. Such a system is quite simple in terms of installation work.
A similar system is similar to the above (gutters, pipes, fasteners, funnels, knees). An important difference is that the drainpipes of this system are visually hidden from the eyes. This design looks very attractive.
The installation of gutters and pipes is carried out either in the walls or the elements of the drain are hidden by the facade details. Such a system has advantages. The main plus is the aesthetic appeal of the building. In addition, a similar drainage system works even at low temperatures outside.
But there are drawbacks. Of the minuses can distinguish the complex process of installing drainpipes.
Combined drainage system
The combined drain is the union of the two types described above. Such a system has a hidden chute and open vertical pipes. This is easy installation and lack of influence on the aesthetics of your building.
Types of drainpipes
For the construction of drainage systems today uses several materials, consider the most popular types and talk about the features of each of them. This will help you determine the materials for your drainage system.
All elements of the drain (various knees, horizontal gutters, connecting funnels, fasteners, etc.) are made strictly from metal. The material may additionally have a special protective coating of polymer or zinc. The metal drain option with an additional protective galvanized layer and a polymer coating has the longest operational life.
Of the minuses of this option, you can call the noise system. It seems a trifle, until you come across this moment from your own experience. On a rainy day, you will be able to fully understand this nuance.But this minus manifests itself, if you take a galvanized drainpipe. If we are talking about a metal pipe with a polymer coating, the problem is not so critical, because the polymer absorbs some of the noise.
Elements of such a drainage system are fixed on the bearing elements of the building with the help of special brackets, which are mounted either on the edge of the roof of the building or on any element adjacent to it lying in the same plane. Between themselves, the elements of the system are connected with the help of special sockets and couplings.
It must be said that metal drain pipes are quite common in our country. This is a time tested option. The pleasant moment is the price of drainpipes of this type. It is not too transcendental, but the popularity of the material may well soon wake up the greed of manufacturers. It makes sense to hurry if you are planning to equip a drainage system in the near future.
Another one of the important points that should be considered when building a drain is the diameter of the drain pipe. It should be sufficient to drain water. It is better to take with a margin, usually do not use pipes with a diameter of less than 100 mm.
Even in spite of the fact that metal gutters are good, plastic counterparts are not inferior to them in sales. If you chose this design, then all its elements must be from the same material. This is a plastic drainpipe, gutters and so on.
The main advantages of such a drain are its absolute resistance to corrosive processes, reduced weight, as well as extremely low noise. Installation is similar to the installation of metal drain. The main drawback is the low stiffness and strength of the structural elements. Any mechanical impact can damage the elements of the system.
This is an exclusive in its purest form. Many of us will not see such a drain in a lifetime. Copper is good for such purposes. But the price of this type of drainpipe is very biting. It is this moment that stops almost all people who would like to buy such a system. Copper is not afraid of water, on the contrary, several years of metal interaction with oxygen will lead to the formation on it (metal) of an oxide film of brown or greenish hue, which is called patina. This film guarantees an incredibly long service life of the drain.
Copper drain looks great and durable. But he has a flaw. From time to time, the system should be cleaned from the accumulation of foliage, moss, twigs and other debris. If you ignore this rule, the process of material destruction will begin. Proper operation of such a drain guarantees its service life - over 200 years.
It is also worth mentioning the complex installation of such a system. There are three options for installation of copper gutters:
- Mechanical method. A popular way, but not 100% reliable. A monolithic construction is not created from drainpipes, which means that leaks, fogging are possible.
- Welded method. Welding will make your drain a whole. But there is a difficulty in the welding of copper, because when heated, it produces oxygen, and this makes it very fragile. This explains the non-prevalence of welding such a metal.
- Soldering. This method is based on the use of special equipment, as well as solder and flux. The ideal option is a capillary soldering. It eliminates the occurrence of metal brittleness in the working area.
This is a temporary solution. Such a drain usually, if they do, then at the time of any work.At the earliest opportunity such a drain changes to any major (any of the above by us). The disadvantages of such a drain are a short service life, possible leakages. Of the advantages, you can highlight the appearance, which in rare cases fits with the overall picture of the design of your site and buildings on it.
If you need a wooden gutter for design reasons, then you can use the option when the gutter from a different material (plastic, metal) is hidden under the tree, and the tree itself performs only a decorative function.
Materials that are suitable for the average Russian for the construction of drain, not so much. In fact, it is a metal with different coatings and plastic. Both options should be considered. They are very similar, including the price per meter. In plastic, the main advantage is durability and sound absorption, while in metal the strengths are durability (in versions with special protective coatings) and hardness.
Both options can burst in the cold if there is water in them, it is possible if the drain pipe outlet is clogged.As a rule, such situations with proper installation do not arise. Plastic products become soft in the heat under the sun, while metal counterparts are heated to such an extent that they can burn a person.
All these features are in fact little noticeable in operating conditions. There has not been a single case when a patient was brought to the clinic with a burn from a drainpipe. There were also no cases when the plastic drain in the sun melted like a chocolate bar.
If you choose between these two types, then make a decision for some personal reasons. Perhaps, the decisive role will be played by some kind of “burning offer” for drainage systems from the listed materials in the construction hypermarket.