Gait is a way of conveying the beauty and grace of a horse
In the environment of horse lovers there is a massvarious definitions and concepts, after hearing which, we are confused. Let's try to understand one of them. Often among the horses sounds the word "gaits". This definition is one of the most important in equestrian sport. With the help of this article, you briefly immerse yourself in the world of the most beautiful animals.
The meaning of the word "gaits"
Russian is rich in words that came to us fromother countries. "Gait" - so translates from the French language the word "pace". It determines the form of the progressive movement of horses. In other words, gaits are a set of ways of movement inherent in horses. The animal can reproduce these movements independently from birth, but often these elements are additionally taught in schools of riding. Do not confuse any rapid movement of a horse with a pace. It's not just a run, it's a step. There are both artificial and natural horses. Among the natural (natural) stands are the following gaits: it is the amble, the usual step, the gallop and the lynx. To the unnatural are: piaffe, Spanish step, passage, gallop back, Spanish lynx, gallop on three legs.
The natural gait of horses
Pacing is a wrong walk, in whichThe animal rearranges simultaneously a parallel pair of legs. From the outside it looks as if a horse is rolling from one side to the other. The rider can sit much better when walking, but with the animal less stable.
Step - the quietest way of movement, in whichThe animal crosses each of the four legs consistently. The pace of this pace is determined by the number of hooves to the ground, in which the whole body moves one step forward. In this way the horse is able to walk an average of 5 kilometers per hour.
Gallop is the fastest pace thatoccurs jumps in three tempos. With such a run, there is a moment when the horse seems to freeze in the air. This happens when she carries her hind leg in order to lean on her. The average speed at a canter is about 22 kilometers per hour. At a fast canter, the horse is able to reach a speed of 60 km / h. This race is also called "quarry".
Lynx - a quick pace, carried out in two tempos. With such a run, the horse rearranges its legs diagonally. Average speed at a trot 45-48 kilometers per hour. And the world record was put by a horse, which developed speed at a trot 55 km / hour.
Artificial ways of movement
Consider briefly the methods of movement of horses,which they teach especially in equestrian clubs and schools. Such methods are artificial gaits - these are deliberately grafted on animals for sporting purposes. These include:
- The Spanish lynx. It differs in that when running a horse throws forward the front leg parallel to the ground.
- Passage - the slowest lynx, when the legs are carried forward. In this case, the front climbs upward beautifully and smoothly, and the rear ones are very much under the trunk.
- The Spanish step. It differs from the usual one in that the front leg, stretched parallel to the ground, is moved forward.
- Piaffe is a movement in one place with a pace "passage".
- A gallop on three legs, unlike a simple canter, is determined by the constant extension of one of the front legs. However, it should not affect the land.
So, in this article we have examined what isequestrian gait, what kinds of it are, and how they differ. Not all ways of moving horses are told here. For a more detailed study, you need to delve into the details and master each element from a professional position separately. No matter what pace the horse moves, it always remains a graceful and beautiful animal.