Geography of Europe. Where is Germany located
The region where Germany is located is called Central Europe. It also includes Austria, the Czech Republic, Liechtenstein, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Switzerland. Of all these countries, Germany is the largest in the territory, the most populated and one of the most developed in economic terms.
Where is the state of Germany
The Federal Republic of Germany is located in the central part of foreign Europe. The country borders with Denmark, Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and Holland.
Germany is a rather extensive country, its length from south to north is 876 kilometers, and from west to east - 640 kilometers. From a geological point of view, the territory of the republic can be divided into 3 large zones. The northern part was formed during the Ice Age and is a flat coastal plain. She goes to the Baltic and North Seas. The central part of the country is formed by wooded foothills, adjacent from the north to the Alps, which occupy the entire south of Germany.
Where is the capital of Germany
The capital of Germany is located in the eastern part of the country, just seventy kilometers from the border with the Republic of Poland. Historically, the city originated as an important settlement on the banks of the River Spree, which today flows through the city. In addition to the reservoir, the city has several shipping canals designed to improve transport links between different federal states.
Berlin itself, although it has the status of independent land, is completely located on the territory of the Federal state of Brandenburg. Until 1990, the city was divided into two parts: East Berlin and West. But after the unification of the GDR and the FRG, the Berlin Wall was almost completely dismantled.
Population and Demography
The region where Germany is located in Europe is considered one of the most densely populated. For example, in terms of area, Germany is only slightly larger than Poland, but its population exceeds the Polish by more than 2 times.
Since 1972, the birth rate has been fixed in the country below the death rate. Given that by that time, Germany had only recovered from the military upheavals, and its economy was on the rise, the country needed new citizens.In connection with this need, a program was developed to receive and adapt labor migrants from Turkey and Arab countries.
However, more than 90% of the population is still ethnic Germans, and the rural population does not exceed 10% of the total population.
Economy of Germany
The region where Germany is located is one of the key ones for the world economy. At the same time, the economy of Germany itself is the largest in the European Union and one of the largest in the world. It takes the third place among all countries at purchasing power parity.
The high level and significant volume of the German economy is reflected in its structure. In it, the service sector is 54%, and the agricultural sector is only 0.1%.
At the same time, the features of the economy include a high level of infrastructure development, high qualification of labor resources, but also a high social burden on the budget of the country and each individual company. For example, for every 100 euros paid to an employee, corporations pay up to 81 euros to the budget as mandatory taxes and social benefits.
Financial capital occupies a special place in the country's economy, as banks are often the largest shareholders of significant industrial enterprises.Some economists call this model "Rhine capitalism."
The concept of Central Europe and the place of Germany in it
Most modern researchers agree that the region where Germany is located, called Central Europe, is not so much a geographical, as a historical and social reality.
Most often, from one scientific work to another, the boundaries of this region vary considerably. Someone adds Romania to it, someone, on the contrary, excludes Germany. Such fickleness is connected, first of all, with the fact that this part of Europe for a long time experienced many political upheavals.
It was they who had a decisive influence on the final formation of the concept of Central Europe, including Poland and other countries that were members of the Warsaw Treaty Organization. Thus, the region in which Germany occupies a dominant position represents a few countries united by historical destiny. Most states chose to relate to this area because of the desire to dissociate themselves as much as possible from the socialist past, which relentlessly haunts the countries of Eastern and Southeastern Europe.
Today, the region where the state of Germany is located is one of the key in Europe. It accepts a large number of refugees from war-torn countries, generates a large number of innovations and sets the tone for European policy.