How beautiful is it? Etiquette: the rules of behavior at the table. How to use cutlery
All people know that there are different rulesBehavior at the table. But here in more details in them very few people understood. For many, it is sufficient that they know which hand to hold the knife, and in what kind of a fork. However, this is very small. In this article I want to talk about how to behave properly at the table.
First of all, it must be said that there aredifferent types of behavior in a particular institution and even in a particular country. If you understand how beautifully there is, this question will be completely one for the European countries in which at the table you need to behave at a minimum quietly, and for Asian, where gratitude to the owner for a tasty supper is expressed with loud champing and smacking. Also, the behavior in the restaurant and visiting relatives at the table may be slightly different.
Understand how beautiful it is, it is very importantpeople who from time to time visit various restaurants. So, it is important to behave correctly right now immediately after the threshold of the establishment is crossed. It is important to remember that the guests are met by the head waiter, talks about whether there are vacant seats, and holds up to the desired table. Also, his job is to pick up the outer clothing of visitors. Approaching the table, the man (if the opposite-sex guests came) should first help the lady sit down, slightly pushing back the chair, then he sits down himself. It is also important to remember how to sit properly at the table. As for the situation, the representative of the stronger sex must be in front of the woman or to her left. If the lady is a bit late, the man can take a seat at the table, but when the head waiter will take her to the appointed place, the guy always stands up in respect.
Choose an order
When the couple is already at the table, the waiter is obligatoryprovides a menu. Choose the desired dishes is not in a hurry, in such institutions is not customary to rush. Most often the waiter will see that the guests are ready to order something, and he will do it himself. But it is possible and easy movement of a hand to call the operating personnel to itself. The order is made first by a woman, only then by a man. However, a lady can ask a guy to do it for her, this is also allowed. If guests can not decide the choice of wine, they can ask the waiter for advice. You can also consult with him about this or that dish, it is allowed by the rules of etiquette.
How to behave at the table, while the order is not yetarrived? At this time, guests can chat quietly. The first, most likely, the waiter will bring wine. Uncorking bottles only restaurant employee, a man does not need to break from the place to do it. First the drink is served to the ladies, then to the guys. As for food, then you can start eating only after everyone at the table already has ordered meals.
Understanding how beautifully there is, it is also importantremember that in restaurants it is strictly forbidden to lift fallen objects from the floor. The waiter will do it. He must bring a clean instrument. If there was a discomfiture and broke, for example, a plate or a glass, do not worry. Simply the restaurant will include its cost in the bill, and the case will be closed. No scandals on this issue will not be arranged. If you want to salt the dish, and the salt shaker is on the other side of the table, it's not worth it to drag yourself on to it, you need to ask the person close to you just to give what you need. It's also important to remember about decibels: you need to talk in a restaurant so that you do not interfere with others.
How to sit
Understanding how beautiful it is, it is important to remember andthat you need to sit at the table correctly. So, it is forbidden to put elbows on the table, to fall apart on a chair, to swing on it. Also, do not bend low over the plate. The back of the seated person should be even, you do not have to stoop. However, in the posture there should be no tension and rigidity, everything should be natural. When there is a change of the dish, the guest is allowed to lean back a little, so as not to disturb the waiter and relax a bit in a comfortable position.
It is worth remembering that restaurants are not acceptedhurry, the dishes are eaten slowly to enjoy their taste. If the food is rather hot, you can not blow it. To cool, you just need to wait a bit, supporting the conversation. If the burning of burning food has occurred, you can not wave your mouth with a napkin or hands, you can only drink everything with water. Different bones, including fruit, are strictly forbidden to spit out or take out of your mouth. For this purpose, a fork is designed that is carefully brought to the mouth and all unnecessary folds there. If the taste of the dish to a person does not like at all, you can put a napkin close to your mouth and spit it out without attracting the attention of those around you with perturbations about this.
If you need to move away
The culture of behavior at the table has its ownrecommendations about mobile phones. So, if a guest called, he can briefly say that he will call back without leaving his place. However, if the conversation is urgent, it is necessary to withdraw. Talking at the desk on the phone is a bad tone. Also, if you need to leave, for example, in the restroom, you need to ask permission from all those present at the table. You can not also talk with people sitting at a nearby table. If they are comrades or just need to ask something, you need to get up and approach them. In the case when a friend enters the restaurant, they should be welcomed sitting, with a slight nod of the head. A man gets up only if a lady joins his table. Women do not move in any situation.
End of meal
When dinner comes to an end, the guests are full andhappy, they can ask the account from the waiter, which will mean that their stay in this institution has come to an end. The service will bring a folder in which the account will be specified. It is also important to remember the tips - 10% of the cost of the order. Who should pay - that's another question. So, in the post-Soviet countries this is done mostly by men. In European countries, women are actively fighting this, considering it a relic of the past, and there everyone pays for themselves. If the dinner was just friendly, the waiter in advance can be asked to bring a personal account, for each person separate. It is also important to remember about surrender. If it is necessary, the person simply is silent. If there are money in the folder, some of which you do not need to return, you just have to say: "Without surrender," and that's the end of it. It is important to remember that it is necessary to decide who will pay in advance, it is ugly to do this before the waiter. It is necessary to know and about who needs to express their claims. Talk about everything that you liked or did not like, you need a head waiter, not a waiter.
But if all of the above is not toohorrifies the ignorant, then that's how to properly handle utensils - this is a whole science. After all, there are a huge number of different in size and purpose cymbals, knives, spoons and glasses. Elementarily you need to know how to properly hold the plug and how to use it. So, when a person sits at a table, regardless of where it happens - in a restaurant or at home, he must look around. So, according to the rules, there should be a snack plate right, pate or napkin to the right of it. To the left of the plate should be spoons and knives, to the right - forks. If all this is observed at the table, it can be concluded that the guest is required certain manners. Also, you need to remember that before the plate will be located dessert device, most likely a teaspoon. Behind the plate will be wine glasses and wine glasses, all of which also have their own function.
How to use cutlery
So, how to properly hold a fork? This question often excites people. It is worth remembering that those instruments that lie to the left of the plate are taken with the left hand, those that are on the right are right. That's the whole science. Dessert devices are located so that the handle will look in the right or left side. Depending on this, it is necessary to decide which hand to take them. As for the knife, the end of its handle according to the rules should rest on the center of the palm, the thumb and middle finger are on the sides of the knife, the index finger is on the center. The rest of the fingers are slightly bent to the palm of your hand. A fork with food is held so that its teeth look down, the handle, like a knife, rests on the palm of your hand. In the case when you need to eat small pieces of food, as well as a side dish - mashed potatoes or porridge, the fork is turned upside down with denticles, while it can help in typing food a little bit of a knife. The spoon is held in the left hand so that its end is on the basis of the index finger, and the beginning - on the middle. If the dish is easily separated, the waiter can only serve the fork, in which case it should be kept in the right hand. Now everyone should understand, not only how to keep the fork and knife, but also other nuances of using cutlery. Moreover, this is not so difficult, as it could at first seem.
When deciding how to eat beautifully, it is important to know thatYou also need to be able to manage with a napkin. Often it becomes the object of decorating the table, but it also has its own direct purpose. Before eating, the napkin should be folded neatly in half and put on his knees edge to himself. This will help protect the suit or dress from drops that may spill. Also, this napkin can wipe your hands or lips after eating or drinking. Categorically forbidden to hang her by the collar, making a bib. This is uncomfortable, and very ugly. The soiled fingers are carefully and imperceptibly wiped off the top edge of the napkin, which remains on the knees. If you need to get wet lips, napkin lift, but so that it is completely in the palm of your hand, and not hung. They moisten (but do not rub) the lips with the middle of the napkin, then it is put back into place. It is strictly forbidden to use it as a handkerchief or towel for wet or dirty hands. Also you can not wipe the cutlery with a napkin, looking for a speck on them. This can be a great offense to the owners. If this item has fallen, you need to ask for a new one. At the end of the meal, the napkin is placed to the left of the plate, but it is never hung on the back of the chair.
Everyone understands that proper behavior at the table- a pledge of a successful evening in a cultural institution. It is also important to give a few words and drinks, as well as the containers that suit them. The main thing is to remember the rule: the stronger the drink, the less capacity it needs. A glass for vodka drinks, a glass of wine for fortified ones, glasses or glasses for white and red wines, a wine glass or a glass for champagne. First, stronger beverages are served, then - in increasing order. Wine glasses are filled by two thirds.
Important is the etiquette at the table for children,because kids also need to be able to behave properly in society. However, it should be said that the rules for them will be easier and restrained than for adults. And no one should pay special attention to the mistakes of the little ones at the table. However, a mother or other parent should quietly make a small remark, teaching him correct behavior. What is the main thing for children in the behavior at the table? It is important that the kids know that at the table you can not talk loudly, laugh, shout. You can not talk with your mouth full, it's ugly and even harmful for the process of eating. Also you can not smack and smack, this is unacceptable. It is necessary for the child to tell, how correctly to do with a napkin: it should be used for wiping of the stained lips and hands, and when it is not necessary - should be on a lap. Also, the baby needs to be told that there are dishes that you can eat with your hands, and those for which you need to use cutlery. For example, french fries, shrimps, fish sticks can be handled without problems, and you can also capture the inflorescence of cauliflower. But this ends the list of products that are taken without appliances. For some reason, babies like to eat spaghetti with the help of hands, but this is ugly and wrong. The kid must be sure about this. Children also need to remember that they need to stay at the table until everyone has eaten. And, of course, it is important to say "thank you" to the owners who are regulating. In case of eating at the restaurant "thank you" they say to the head waiter. If too heavy science for crumbs is etiquette at the table, pictures - that's what can perfectly help in learning. It is necessary only for the child to show several video lessons or characteristic pictures, and everything will become clearer to him.