How many species of bears exist in nature?

How many species of bears exist in nature?

  1. Bear # 769, (Latin Ursidae) family of mammals of the order of predators. They differ from other representatives of the more crowded bodybuilding. Bears are omnivorous, climb and swim well, run fast, can stand and pass short distances on their hind legs. They have a short tail, long and thick hair, and also excellent sense of smell and hearing. They hunt in the evening or at sunrise. Usually they are afraid of a person, but they can be dangerous in places where they are used to people, especially the polar bear and the grizzly bear. In nature, natural enemies have almost no.
    This small but widely distributed family unites all 8 modern species:

    1) The Great Panda
    Subfamily Ailuropodinae
    The Great Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)

    Ailuropoda minor
    2) Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus)
    Subfamily Tremarctinae

    Tremarctos floridanus
    Arctodus simus
    Short Bear (Arctodus pristinus)
    Arctotherium brasilense
    Arctotherium latidens

    Subfamily Ursinae
    3) Brown bear (Ursus arctos)
    European brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos)
    Syrian brown bear (Ursus arctos syriacus)
    Grizzly (Ursus arctos horribilis) **
    Kodiak (Ursus arctos middendorffi) **
    Apennine brown bear (Ursus arctos marsicanus) (it: Ursus_arctos_marsicanus)
    California brown bear (Ursus arctos californicus)
    Mexican brown bear (Ursus arctos nelsoni)
    Himalayan brown bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus)
    Tibetan brown bear (Ursus arctos pruinosus)
    Japanese brown bear (Ursus arctos yesoensis)
    Kermod Bear (Ursus arctos cermoudisus)
    Berman brown bear (Ursus arctos piscator)
    4) Baribal (Ursus americanus)

    5) Polar bear (Ursus maritimus)

    6) Himalayan bear (Ursus thibetanus), Selenarctos tibetanus
    Ursus minimus
    Etruscan Bear (Ursus etruscus)
    Cave bear (Ursus spelaeus)
    The Atlas bear (Ursus crowtheri)
    7) Smear-Bear (Melursus ursinus), Ursus ursinus

    8) The Malayan Bear (Helarctos malayanus)

    Baribal, brown and polar bears cross and give hybrids.

    * the status of a small panda is uncertain; e is referred to as bearish, or to raccoon or kunim, and is also allocated to a separate family of Ailuridae.

    ** Earlier grizzly was isolated in a separate species, and not in the subspecies of the brown bear. At the moment, the grizzly status (species or subspecies) is disputed.

  2. The family of bears (Ursidae) includes the largest representatives of the order of predators (Carnivora).

    Currently, there are 8 species of bears divided into 5 genera.

    The white, or polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is the largest, and also the most carnivorous of all the bears. Males weigh on average about 450-500 kg, often reaching a weight of 800 kg, and in rare cases, a whole ton. The weight of females is on average about 320-kg.

    Brown bear (Ursus arctos) - the most common species of bears, able to adapt to a variety of habitats. Brown bears feel fine both in the taiga, and in the semi-deserts, and in the mountains and the Arctic Circle.

    Due to the huge distribution area of ​​the brown bear, many subspecies have formed, which differ greatly in size and appearance. Perhaps there is not another animal on Earth who has such a scatter in weight. The smallest bears of this species weigh about 100 kg, and the weight of the largest ones occasionally reaches an entire ton.

    The black bear, or baribal (Ursus americanus) is found exclusively in North America, where it is much more extensive than the brown bear.

    Baribal in many ways is similar to its closest relative, the brown bear, but it is noticeably inferior to the brown in size, it has a narrower head and larger ears. The weight of baribal is usually about 150-200 kg, but sometimes the weight of some males is over 250 kg.

    The Himalayan, white-chested, or Asian black beard (Ursus thibetanus) is about the size of a baribala, but it differs markedly from it by the structure of the skull. The color of the coat is the same as that of the black bear, but there is always a white spot in the form of the Latin letter "V" on the chest.

    Bear-sponge (Melursus ursinus) is a very peculiar species. The basis of his diet consists of termites and ants. The color of the bear-sponge is similar to that of the Himalayan bear, with the same harakkrenym spot on the chest. The coat is long and shaggy. The average weight of gourds is 80-100 kg, but some males can reach 140 kg.

    The Malay Bear, or Biruang (Helarctos malayanus) is the smallest bear family.

    Spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus) - the only representative of the bear family in South America. Spectacled bear prefers mountain forests, but sometimes descends to more open spaces. He often climbs trees and climbs well. Along with the big panda, this is the most herbivorous of the bears. The weight of a spectacled bear is approximately 100-150 kg, on the average, about 130-ti.

    Big panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) - the most peculiar kind of bears. For a long time, there was a debate amongst the family about which family to include a large panda, to a raccoon or bearish one. However, it has now become clear that, despite a number of peculiarities of the panda approaching e, it nevertheless belongs to the family of bears.

  3. panda, white, brown, white-chested, black
  4. Big pandas
    small pandas
    Malay Bear
    bear-sponge
    spectacled bear
    separately bears (species): baribal, brown, white, cave (no longer), Himalayan
  5. two: bears and vedmedy
  6. The family of bears (Ursidae) includes the largest representatives of the order of predators (Carnivora).

    Currently, there are 8 species of bears divided into 5 genera.

    The white, or polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is the largest, and also the most carnivorous of all the bears. Males weigh on average about 450-500 kg, often reaching a weight of 800 kg, and in rare cases, a whole ton. The weight of females is on average about 320-kg.

    Brown bear (Ursus arctos) - the most common species of bears, able to adapt to a variety of habitats. Brown bears feel fine both in the taiga, and in the semi-deserts, and in the mountains and the Arctic Circle.

    Due to the huge distribution area of ​​the brown bear, many subspecies have formed, which differ greatly in size and appearance. Perhaps there is not another animal on Earth who has such a scatter in weight. The smallest bears of this species weigh about 100 kg, and the weight of the largest ones occasionally reaches an entire ton.

    The black bear, or baribal (Ursus americanus) is found exclusively in North America, where it is much more extensive than the brown bear.

    Baribal in many ways is similar to its closest relative, the brown bear, but it is noticeably inferior to the brown in size, it has a narrower head and larger ears. The weight of baribal is usually about 150-200 kg, but sometimes the weight of some males is over 250 kg.

    The Himalayan, white-chested, or Asian black beard (Ursus thibetanus) is about the size of a baribala, but it differs markedly from it by the structure of the skull. The color of the coat is the same as that of the black bear, but there is always a white spot in the form of the Latin letter "V" on the chest.

    Bear-sponge (Melursus ursinus) is a very peculiar species. The basis of his diet consists of termites and ants. The color of the bear-sponge is similar to that of the Himalayan bear, with the same harakkrenym spot on the chest. The coat is long and shaggy. The average weight of gourds is 80-100 kg, but some males can reach 140 kg.

    The Malay Bear, or Biruang (Helarctos malayanus) is the smallest bear family.

    Spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus) - the only representative of the bear family in South America. Spectacled bear prefers mountain forests, but sometimes descends to more open spaces. He often climbs trees and climbs well. Along with the big panda, this is the most herbivorous of the bears. The weight of a spectacled bear is approximately 100-150 kg, on the average, about 130-ti.

    Big panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) - the most peculiar kind of bears. For a long time, there was a debate amongst the family about which family to include a large panda, to a raccoon or bearish one. However, it has now become clear that, despite a number of peculiarities of the panda approaching e, it nevertheless belongs to the family of bears.



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