How to get rid of small black flies in an apartment or house

Sometimes a person unexpectedly discovers in his dwelling small flying insects. And these midges can be different in appearance: gray, red, white, black. It is time to think about whether they are dangerous, bite, and how to get rid of them. These questions are easy to answer, figuring out which small flying insects most often appear in a house or apartment.

Types of small blackflies found in human housing

Drosophila

Drosophila- These are small insects of the family of fruit flies. Small size, ease of breeding, short life cycle made fruit flies indispensable as an object of study for geneticists. Drosophila has folk names: vinegar, wine, fruit fly.

These insects live next to the person, because here they find their food, which are rotten berries, fruits, sour juices.

Insect length is 1.5–3 mm; wings are longer than body.

Drosophila

Drosophila size 1.5–3 mm

The eyes are red and the insect itself has a yellow-brown color.

Drosophila fly

Drosophila has a yellow-brown color

Drosophila breed very quickly. In just 10 days, development takes place from an egg to an adult. The very next day after the emergence of a Drosophila pupa, it lays eggs, and during its life it can lay up to 2 thousand eggs. With such a speed of reproduction, Drosophila quickly recapture the space in the apartment, and although they are quite harmless and do not bite, but the confused tenants urgently seek out effective ways to get rid of them.

It is believed that fruit flies are not carriers of disease, but the very flashing of these flies before their eyes is unpleasant.

Where do fruit flies come from? From afar, they can not fly, because in the day these midges fly no more than 180 meters. The most common cause of the appearance of fruit flies, biologists call fruit brought home and vegetables, which already have eggs of these insects. As soon as the fetus begins to deteriorate and rot, the larvae appear from the eggs, and from the larvae the flies.

Drosophila

Drosophila love rotten fruit

Drosophila can be brought into the house with the land for planting indoor plants. From the eggs and larvae that are in the ground, adult flies appear. They are especially fruitful when the flowers are over-humidified and the soil has soured.

Theoretically, you can get rid of fruit flies, just by doing a thorough cleaning and depriving them of food, but it can take a long time.

Whitefly

Microscopic white insects on indoor flowers are malicious pests of whitefly plants.

White fly

Tiny whitefly - a malicious pest of indoor plants

They can arrive with a new potted flower or fly in from the street. These small insects lay eggs on the back of the leaves. The whitefly hatches suck out the juice, and after themselves leave a sugary discharge. The leaves of the plant are deformed, and then fall together with flower buds.

Whitefly on a room flower

Whitefly guts house plants

Pests multiply extremely fast and extremely tenacious. If you do not start the fight against the whitefly in time, the indoor flowers will die. It especially hurts begonia, fuchsia, balsam.

Flower midges (syarids)

Adultssciarides(flower midge or mushroom mosquito, or soil mosquito) are black insects about 3-4 mm in length.

Sciaride

Flower midge sciaride

They lay eggs among the roots of plants. The mosquitoes themselves do not cause much harm, but their larvae, which are worms up to 5 mm in length, are very dangerous for flowers. The larvae eat up the roots of the plant, why it dies.

Sciarid larvae

Scyarid larvae eat the roots of the plant

Flower midges get to the house with the ground infected with larvae. They can fly into the window. These insects are often found in damp basements of houses, and from there they make their way through ventilation. Flies may be interested in food waste, rotten fruit and vegetables.

Sciarides do not bite, but they must be fought with, otherwise they will destroy all indoor flowers.

Butterflies

Butterflies (sewer flies) are small insects up to 2 mm long.

Butterfly

Sewer fly

The larvae of these insects and pupae inhabit sewers and feed on decaying organic matter. Adult individuals have wings and a body covered with hairs. One clutch of butterflies contains up to hundreds of eggs. On the legs of these unpleasant insects can be a lot of infection.In addition, there are cases of allergy to butterflies.

Butterflies themselves can also be food for spiders and other large insects that will appear in the house, if you do not destroy the sewer fly.

Ways to get rid of the little black midges

Fight against fruit flies at home

Folk remedies: juice, cereals, vinegar, etc.

  1. In a glass jar pour kvass or fruit juice. You can instead put any fruits or berries. Make a funnel and insert into the neck. Flies freely penetrate to the bait, but they can not fly out of the can. It is better to make a funnel from yellow paper, because insects are attracted by yellow color.
    Fruit fly trap

    The funnel for the trap is better to make yellow paper

  2. If the fruit flies appeared in flower pots, you need to dry the ground and stick 4–5 matches into it with the heads down.
  3. Put apple sticks and watermelon peels in a plastic bag and wait until the flies gather in the bag. Then pack the package and throw it away.
  4. Place the bait in a plastic cup and cover it with food film. Make small holes. When the flies gather in the cup, you can throw it away.
  5. Pour apple cider vinegar into the container and add dishwashing liquid.Vinegar attracts fruit flies, and dishware does not allow them to get out.
    Fruit fly trap

    In apple cider vinegar added a dishwashing detergent

  6. Flies perfectly can be caught with a vacuum cleaner.

How to get rid of fruit flies. Video

Trap for fruit flies. Video

There are alsospecial means, which can be used to control fruit flies, as well as other insects.

You can use any insecticide in the form of an aerosol or fly plates, but this is undesirable in the kitchen where the products are located. It is better to apply adhesive traps and tapes.

Some modern chemicals based on chemicals for combating fruit flies

  1. Aeroxon sticky trap is designed to kill harmful insects on houseplants. The trap has an attractive color. The adhesive is odorless and non-toxic.
  2. Adhesive tape from flies Raptor. Yellow color attracts flies, which stick to the adhesive layer.
  3. Window band-flyflies Aeroxon. Effective and safe means from blackflies.

Breeding whitefly and sciarid on indoor flowers in the apartment

Simple remedies for the whitefly

  1. The easiest and harmless way for a person to destroy whiteflies is to manually clean insects from indoor plants. To do this, it is necessary to remove the leaves infected with the whitefly, and the soil in the pot to puff.The whole plant should be treated with soapy water.

  2. Adhesive tapes can be placed near houseplants: adult whiteflies will stick to them.

  3. Since the whitefly likes to live in the shade on the underside of the leaves, you can scare it away with light: put sheets of foil near the flowers. The sun rays, being reflected, will fall on the lower side of the leaves, where this pest lives.

  4. If a whitefly is most affected by any one of the indoor plants, then it may be better to sacrifice them and not spread the dangerous insect to other flowers.

  5. Make an infusion of yarrow. Add a couple of spoons of dish detergent to it. This composition to process the leaves of the affected plants.

  6. To prevent the appearance of whitefly every 10 days, spray the flowers with infusion of dandelion leaves and roots.
  7. At the initial stage of whitefly spreading, wipe the plants with infusion of garlic (3-4 crushed cloves and 2 cups of water).
  8. Day infuse orange peels in water, then add 2 spoons of liquid soap. Spray on plants for several days in a row. Keep the product in the refrigerator.

Pest of houseplants whitefly. Video

Scyarid Controls

  1. Drain the top layer of soil by 1-2 cm. Then the laying of eggs will die.
  2. To make the top drainage. Cover the soil with a layer of gravel or expanded clay. Drainage dries quickly after watering, and the pest loses the ability to lay eggs.
  3. Remove dried leaves and flowers in a timely manner. Exclude watering plants with broths, sleeping tea, milk, etc. Food products just rot in the soil and help pests multiply.
  4. Pour the soil several times with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This tool is considered quite effective.
  5. Draw with the chalk “Masha” (from cockroaches) stripes in the upper part of the flower pots.
  6. Use traps and adhesive tapes.
  7. Keep the house clean and tidy, promptly remove food waste that can become food for sciarides.

Sciarides Video

The use of insecticides in a residential area should be treated with extreme caution. The most popular aktar and aktellik. It is required to strictly follow the instructions for the use of such funds.

How to get rid of black flies in the bathroom

In the bathroom near the sink may appear a butterfly (sewer fly). This insect attracts trash bins, clogged plums in the tub and sink.

Hence the methods of dealing with this disgusting insect.

Means of struggle with the butterfly

  1. The main thing in the fight against the butterfly is sewer cleaning. Pipes should be cleaned both mechanically (cable), and modern means for cleaning clogs. You can at least use the old folk method: pour soda into the sink and pay it off with vinegar.
  2. It is necessary to thoroughly clean and disinfect the bin.
  3. Constantly monitor the cat's toilet, if it is in the bathroom.
  4. To hang in places of occurrence of insects an adhesive tape.
  5. Use blackfly traps.
  6. Put in the bathroom containers with a mixture of apple cider vinegar and vegetable oil. The midges sit on the surface of the mixture, but cannot fly up, as their wings stick together.
  7. Sewer flies do not like the smell of chlorine. Treatment of surfaces in the bathroom with chlorine-based cleaning products will help get rid of unpleasant neighborhoods.

Small flying insects can deprive a person of a comfortable existence in his house or apartment. Some of them are far from harmless and are carriers of infection or malignant pests of houseplants. The fight against them must begin immediately after their appearance in the house, then it will be quick and successful.In order for midge not to breed in geometric progression, it is necessary to observe preventive measures, which, first of all, include observance of cleanliness and order.

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