Ivan Bunin, "In the Village" - the content of the story, analysis and characterization of the characters
Work in the village of Bunin wrote in 1897. This is one of the most poetic stories of the writer, he is filled with an extraordinary love for the rural landscape.
The village of Bunin devoted several stories and stories. It should be said that this topic was quite relevant for many writers at the turn of the century. The question of the fate of the Russian peasantry at that time was very acute. If in the nineteenth century in many works of art there is an extrapastoralthen at the beginning of the twentieth, prose writers began to depict rural life without embellishment.
Features works Bunin
In the village there is a story in which there are still optimistic notes. The author mentions poverty of the peasantry only in passing. Narrativeunderwayfrom the first person - from the face of a little boy. The author recallsitschildhood.Summary in the village of Bunin uneasy. This is an extremely poetic work in which very few events are shown.
If you retell in the village of Bunin in chapters, you need to adhere to the following plan:
- In anticipation of the holiday.
- Way home.
- Return to the city.
As we see from the plan presented above, there is no plot as such in the story. Most of the work is devoted to the road. First, the boy with his father goes to his native village, then returns to the city. About how the Christmas holidays are going, nothing is said.
Mainly in the work of Bunin is the village. It was to her that the writer dedicated this short story. And the story about the boy,which thehe missed home and was glad when his father arrived, probably only an excuse to celebrate the rural landscape is gray and unsightly for a personwhich thecan not appreciate its beauty, and wonderful for the author and his characters.
Waiting for the holiday
The boy is studying in the city gymnasium,livesaway from family. Home only happens during the holidays. In work Bthe villageIvan Bunin told about the events that occur on the eve of the Christmas holidays.For the boy, the father comes and takes him to the village, where hewill holdtwo weeks.
It seemed to the narrator as a child that spring was coming after the Christmas holidays. He was looking forward to the Christmas time, and on the way to the gymnasium, he peered into the shop windows, where many well-dressed people had already been put up.Christmas treetoys. The boy was confident that the real, harsh and gray winter was over. After all, father will come soon. He saw him infrequently, only on holidays.
Finally,this day has come. In the apartment where the boy lived, the bell rang. It was a father. A high school student did not leave him for the whole evening, and before going to sleep he dreamed of how he would spend time in his native village. The next morning they hit the road.
Everything pleased him in these pre-Christmas days. And a long way home bybroughtsnow road. And the coachman, who is menacing,snappingwhip, shouted a horse. And huge drifts under the porch of his home.
In the story is often the word spring. What does this time of year mean when it comes to January holidays? But isn’t spring mood going to a child who is finally home? Perhaps spring is mentioned, because it is associated with the house of the hero.
In the village
The next day, the boy woke up early, studied the fancy drawings for a long time.glassesand then asked for leave from his father to ride a hill. Strong frosts did not frighten him. And he still believed that spring was at hand. He did not want to leave the yard at all. All pleased. is hewanderedin the yard where the cows were dozing, the sheep scurried about and the horses that had lost weight during the winter roamed. Here he felt a mixture of smells of hay and snow. And these were the happiest moments in his short life.
A happy man does not notice the time. Something like this had once said Griboyedov. Boy drowning in happydreams, did not notice how the holidays flew by. It's time to return to the city. Father equipped him on a trip and gave instructions. And in order to cheer up a little, he promised to buy a stallion tospringFor the next few months, the boy will dream of riding a horse and go hunting with his father. He is very sad to leave his home. But he agrees with his father: spring will come very soon.
Return to the city
The work is permeated with a love for rural landscapes. On the way, father reasonsabout the village about thatwhy people think that living here is boring. Already in several phrases of the hero, the reader understands that this person is very wise.The man says that in the village it’s not boring at all, but there is indeed a lot of poverty here. In order to not have, you need to work a lot. And then in the village there will be a good life. After all, only here you can understand what the real spring is. In the city, a person does not fully notice the beauty of the thaw. There he pays more attention to the bright signs. Nature can be loved only in the village. Here, perhaps, is the main idea of the story of Bunin.
On the way to the city, the boy again admires the scenery. He thinks that these huge drifts will soon melt, and evenblackpoor huts will change their appearance - they will becomefunand clean. He likes village houses, especially brick, those that belong to wealthy peasants. In such huts always smells of freshly baked bread, wet straw lies on the floor, a lot of people, and everything is at work.
They leave the village. Around the endless fields. Black peasant huts behind ...
From the writing history
At the beginning of the 20th century, Bunin began work on a series of works,dedicatedcountry life. But the main work in this collection was not a story, a brief summary of which is presented above, but a completely different work. It is simply called Village.
When writing this work, the author set himself the following task: to show a simple Russian peasant without embellishment, while emphasizing the hopelessness of his existence. At the beginning of the century, quite tragic events occurred in Russia, from which the villagers suffered primarily. But in the story, the Village of Bunin showed poverty not so much material as spiritual. At the same time, it is quite realistic to depict a picture of rural poverty.
The writer wholeheartedly sympathized with the peasants.Exhaustedhard work, they throughout life were subjected to humiliation, hopelessmisery. But it should be said that despite the rather sad background, the Bunin heroes have spontaneity, childish naivety and amazing vitality.
These two works dedicated to the village are completely different. The first, the content of which is conveyed in this article, is about a wise villager. The father of the protagonist does not suffer from poverty. One of the peasants callshigh school studenthero barchukom, but gently, without anger and envy. The boy's father used to work hard, loves his native land and instills this love in his little son.This hero, perhaps, is a sample of the right villager in the understanding of Bunin.
In the story of the Village is shown the wretchedness of the spiritual world of the descendants of the former serf.CharactersThis piece lives in a village called Durnovo, which speaks for itself.
Landscape in the story of Bunin
The prose of this writer is extremely poetic. He achieved real mastery, of course, in the creation of works,dedicatedlove Bunin is best known as the author of small romantic stories, such as the stories included in the collectionDarkalleys. But the famous love stories were written much later, already in exile. In Russia, for the writer, apparently, was much more important topicpoor villages, gray, sometimes gloomy, but veryfavorite last russian classic.
In order to understand how important the role of the landscape in a literary work, you should read one of the stories of Ivan Bunin. And above all, the one that we are talking about in today's article. When immersed in the world of Bunin’s images, it is as if you are in a different time. You feel that amazing mixture of smells of hay and snow, which so pleased the hero of the story In the village.You see endless snow-white fields, and in the distance are black peasant huts. Summary nottransmitswealth of the Bunin language. In order to evaluate it, the work should be read in the original.