Lake Beloe in Bashkortostan: origin, description, interesting facts
Lake Beloe (Bashkiria) is located in Gafuriydistrict, on the shore of the river of the same name. Nearby there is a railway station with the same name. Bashkirs call this lake Akkul. The article is devoted to the description of the lake and its features.
- the surface has an area of 8.8 square meters. km;
- length - 6,2 km;
- width - 1,5-2 km;
- the average depth in the center is 3-4 meters;
- The basin with its outlines is close to the wrong ellipse.
According to the method of formation, the reservoir is karstic.
Nowadays the White Lake in Bashkiria is connected withof the same name. Previously, such a connection did not exist, its depth was 10 meters, the area - 15 square meters. km. Gradually, river water fell into the lake due to the rupture of the isthmus separating reservoirs. Lake water began to flow into the river, so by the 70s of the XX century the area of the lake was sharply reduced and amounted to 7 square meters. km.
To remedy the situation, dams were built,which led to a rise in the water level in the lake. Now it is supplied with the river waters of Belaya, precipitation from the atmosphere, spring currents. The Karmalka River flows into the lake.
According to ancient stories, in Lake Belom inBashkiria is inhabited by the Spirit of water. Long ago, pagans honored the deity and offered sacrifices to it. Over time, pagan beliefs have disappeared, they have stopped offering sacrifices. People have moved away from the forces of nature. And then the Spirit of Water decided to remind of itself, destroying the isthmus between the lake and the river. After that, hurricanes became more frequent.
The lake began to disappear, and people began to think howsave him. They bowed to the Spirit of the water by the lake, and he told them what to do. The legend says that in this way you can save any pond - sorry to come to him and ask for advice. And the solution will come. Of course, this is just a tradition, and to believe in it or not, everyone decides on their own.
East shore of White Lake (Bashkiria)is formed from the floodplain river terrace and floodplain. On them is located urema, represented by birch, bird cherry, willow. There are also picturesque beaches of sand.
The West Bank is the floodplain river terraces. Here the willow and herbaceous vegetation grow.
The northern coast is covered with floodplain forests, the southern coast is covered with sand.
The inner world of the lake is filled with fish. Here live bream, carp, and carp. The taste of the fish of this lake is sweet, it has no marsh odor.
The lake shores are formed from sand, clay and loamy soil. In the south there are remains of limestone deposits that appeared in the era of water level changes.
Lake Beloe is located on the territory of the natural reserve "Beloozersky", created in 1957. Since that time, the flora and fauna of this place bloom with a magnificent color.
On the lake shores there are bird nests, herea large number of ducks live. Of the large animals in this area there are foxes, martens, mink and moose. In total, the reserve recorded 40 species of mammals and 120 species of birds.
Special protection is given to:
- a fox;
Mute swan, gray crane and ptarmigan, living in these parts, are included in the Red Book of Bashkortostan.
The total area of the reserve is 8000 ha. The purpose of its creation is to preserve and increase the number of wild animals, as well as to maintain the integrity of the natural community.
The popularity of the lake in recent years is increasing due to the construction of recreation centers in the area. There is a hotel complex, there is a sanatorium.
On the White Lake in Bashkiria the recreation center has such athe same name as the water body. By car, you can reach it on the Sterlitamak highway. Turn Tolmazov to the left in the direction of the sanatorium Krasnousolsky. Before reaching the village of White Lake, near the sign "Chuvash Nagadak" turn left, drive through the crossing, go down to the lake. Here is a cozy recreation center.
In Bashkiria on the White Lake vacation will bewonderful and in the nearest sanatorium. It is located 160 km from Ufa. It is called "Lake White" and stands in the forest wilderness. Specialists of the sanatorium offer quality treatment to all guests. Here they restore the cardiovascular, nervous and respiratory systems, treat skin pathologies, diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
If there is no desire to stop at the bases, you can put a tent and enjoy the picturesque views. For this purpose, the south shore is more suitable.
White Lake (Bashkiria) reviews fishermen about themselves collects the most positive. Here they catch bream, carp, catfish in large quantities.
Preparing for fishing on this lake, it is necessary to take care of the presence of the boat. So it will be easier to find a place rich in fish. The crucian successfully catches crucian carp.
The lake does not have a significant depth, therefore underwater hunting is unlikely to succeed. In addition, the bottom of it is muddy. And the lake's waters are not transparent, so visibility is not that good.
Find a White Lake is not difficult. If you go from Ekaterinburg on the P-240 route towards Orenburg, you need to go through the settlements of Geologists, Bishkek and White Lake. Having reached the village of Antonovka, you should head north. There is this wonderful lake.
Rest on the White Lake is possible at any time of the year. It is this property that makes him so beloved and popular with many of our compatriots.