Learning numbers: tips for parents


So, it’s autumn outside the window, which means it’s time to let go of summer memories and pay a little more attention to development and learning.. Teaching a child to counting, getting acquainted with numbers is one of the new steps in the development of a baby.

So that in the future he could manage everything as easily as possible, and the numbers were friends, and not components of complex tasks, you need to start with a light and positive note.

We have several ideas on this subject with which we want to introduce you today.

First meeting

The first acquaintance with the numbers shouldbe remembered. Of course, nothing terrible will happen if you just write a baby 1, 2 and 3 on a piece of paper and say their names. But how do you think such a presentation would interest the child?

Psychologist Natalia Karabuta tells: “Modern children are quite demanding. This is the spirit of the times, it’s hard to fight and there’s no point in not recognizing. From early childhood, our kids are surrounded by a variety of information that attracts their attention.Modern children's books are bright, cartoons are dynamic, and classes are without fail developing. Try to open the book of your childhood and compare it with any child’s children's book you have recently purchased. It is even visually noticeable that the accents that the kid will pay attention to in a modern book are much more than in books published 30-40 years ago. A cartoon about Lion and the Turtle is much calmer and more phlegmatic than any Smeshariki series. In the modern world, information is actively received by the child every second. Therefore, if parents want to draw the child’s attention to some new information so that it will be remembered by him and become interesting - the brightness and originality of the presentation of the material is important. ”

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If modern children are important brightness and originality, then the numbers should be just that. By the waydo not immediately enter into use of the child all the values ​​at oncefrom 1 to 10, and even 0 in addition. Dwell onfirst five digitsand if the child is not yet 3-4 years old, the first three will suffice.

And now thinkwhat your baby likes to do best: draw, sculpt from clay or play role-playing games.Based on the decision, you can initially prepare the numbers for acquaintance: draw on A4 sheets, paint and decorate at your discretion, make clay from clay or bake from dough, sew from fabric, make it voluminous. You can draw numbers on the album sheet or cardboard. If the cardboard is hard enough, the numbers can be cut so that the child can hold them in his hand and move them freely.the main task- The numbers should be large enough and memorable.

Especially creative and creative moms can themselvescome up with each digit character and recreate it in the image. Of course, in Soviet cartoons, the unit has always been arrogant and arrogant, but nothing will prevent us from making it just tall and athletic. For example, an athlete, basketball or princess model appearance.

If the images are complicated, thento draw figures eyes and a smiling mouthadvise It is much more pleasant to meet those who can see you and smile, right?

So, the numbers are ready. Now you can take up and get acquainted. We offer to have a tea party when their new acquaintances take turns coming to visit the baby.Figures can be presented in verse - so the child will be easier to remember them, bring small gifts (such as candy or apple).

Tell the little one about how important his guests are in our lives, give simple and understandable examples. For example, count the fingers on the handles, favorite toys, focus on the fact that the number consists of your apartment number, and the numbers will help him in the elevator to click on the button with the desired floor.

It is important that the effect of emotional coloring from the first acquaintance is positive, because we will have to continue to work with figures for a very long time.

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Read also: Developing cartoon: learn numbers from 1 to 10

Lessons to consolidate

Of course, the fixing of the learned material must take place in a game form. There are several conditions for success:systematic,easeandpatience.

If you want your baby to remember the numbers and learn to understand them,elementary questions and tasks on this topic he needs every day. Of course, this does not mean that the child needs to be seated at the table, to give a leaflet and a pen and write a mathematical dictation with it. Not at all, everything is much simpler.

Are you serving dinner in the kitchen? First, voice yourself how many cups, plates, forks and spoons you put on the table and argue why so many. For example, the first time you tell a child: “For us, for lunch we need 2 plates, 2 spoons and 2 cups, because there are two of us, and when dad comes back from work in the evening - we will put not 2 but 3 cups on the table , we put 3 small plates and 3 forks, because 2 + 1 is 3 ". Over time, you can already gently ask the toddler, how many cups do you need to put on the table now? Let the crumb count all the people in the house and, if he succeeds, tell you the correct amount of dishes.

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Show the child the numbers wherethey are most interesting, familiar and understandable: on your mobile phone or on his toy, on the remote from the TV and on the numbers of cars, look for the numbers on the packages of his favorite juice and tell me that you paid 8 hryvnas for bananas this time. Consider friends, flowers or trees on the street - it is important for the child to understand that the numbers are not just signs, but it is also the quantity of something.

So,systematic ruleconsists in the fact that in one way or another figures and manipulations with them should be present in the life of a babyeveryday.

Manage to count, repeat, understand or remember, the child, of course, may not immediately, and then comes into forcerule of lightness. Remember that each child has its own individual pace of development. And if your baby still does not understand something - no need to make tragedy out of it. It is clear to you that 2 + 1 = 3, and for this it needs to carry out a rather complicated brain work. And if the tone of the mother, who tells him the correct answer for the thousandth time, is not easy, the child will have a feeling that he is disappointing, does not meet expectations, does something wrong. Such a state is a direct path to childish isolation, insecurity and complexes.

thereforethird rulepatienceThis is our all. Yes some childrengo to school, and will not be free to navigate in numbers. This is normal even for 6 years. They will learn everything. With time. Everyone has their own pace. Therefore, it is certainly not necessary to rush and shame a 3-4 year old toddler.Classes with a child - in a playful and unobtrusive manner.

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Read also: Teach with the child figures: a soft allowance for the youngest

Daily Assistants

The study of numbers goes well with the study of colors. For example, you are looking for in a park and first consider red and then yellow flowers. Or draw a tree and place 3 yellow leaves and 4 green leaves on it. If the child can complete the task himself - fine. If not - join and help, there is nothing wrong with that.

Assistant, who will facilitate not only the process of learning the numbers, but also contribute to the creative development of the baby, as well as the development of his attentiveness and fine motor skills willcoloring and mosaic by numbers. In such sets, each digit has its own color, and the error will be immediately visible and understandable.

Cheerful seekers. Try to devote a day to some figure, for example 3. During the day, together with the child, look for everything that will correspond to it. Here, three cats sit on the porch, three ducks swim one after another on the river, we brought and treated the little squirrel with three nuts ... You can continue as long as you want, the main thing is that the adult himself can see what the child does not see and constantly ask whether he does not notice something unusual around, initiating the baby to search, activating his attentiveness.

Our mom forumie vanilla tells: "At the beginning of dating, the child so fell in love with the numbers that even the macaroni considered in the plate. I didn’t study at all, watched cartoons, read books, and every day I tried to make the emphasis on numbers. For example, in the evening her task was to count family members and tell me how many pieces of sausage should be cut off so that everyone could have enough sandwiches. And if your dad suddenly has a sandwich with cheese, then how much? "

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Books, puzzles, cubes, cards, lotto. In the modern toy and book industry there are many excellent methodological manuals developed in accordance with the age of the child and easy to use. Any parent can buy them and study with the child; it does not require pedagogical or other special education. The main thing - the desire of parentsteach a child to count.

Magnetic numerals, counting sticks and abacus. It is much easier to understand how to count, if the calculating material is in your hands. Place on the door of the refrigerator or on a magnetic board magnetic plastic figures and pictures, which show the corresponding number of objects. For example, the number 2 and 2 cars or 2 cherries.First, place the numbers and pictures in order, and then mix everything up, prompting the child to recreate a logical sequence.

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Talking posters, books, poems, songs and cartoons. Who said that numbers can only be considered? You can sing about them, tell poems, watch cartoons or engage with talking interactive posters. These are wonderful ways to expand the knowledge of the child.

Our mother-forumchanka Natalya tells: “Once my mom walked with a child in the park and they returned from a walk with a huge book with the marvelous name“ Nitari ”. Listen, the book is excellent, I advise everyone. I myself read it with pleasure. There everything is about numbers, in verses, with beautiful pictures, with humor, with logical tasks. With the word with this book, our knowledge in mathematics has progressed much more actively, and the mathematician is no longer boring for us, but very fun. ”

Logics. Most often, children find it difficult to master such concepts as “neighbors of numbers”, learn to count in a scatter, call numbers through one, calculate that more than 7 or 5. This is the second, more difficult stage in mastering a mathematical series.It is these questions that children will have to solve at school, so we advise you to pay as much attention as possible, calmly perceiving children's mistakes and misunderstanding. Over time, the little mathematician will succeed, the main thing is to work in this direction regularly and constantly. For example, to make it easier for a child to call numbers after one, try to paint with him all the representatives of a number of even numbers in red and odd numbers in yellow. A visual picture will make it easier for the child to memorize, and the process will go faster. The concept of “neighbors of numbers” will also cause less difficulty if you group and settle figures, for example, in houses or islands of different shapes and colors.

Motivation. If the child has no particular desire to memorize anything, motivation comes into play. For example, agree with the baby, about some kind of incentive system. For example, if during the week he does well, remembers and repeats everything he needs, you give him some small prize for his work.

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Money box. Sometimes parents, especially dads, when they come home, put little things on the table in the hallway so that they don’t get in their pockets. Secure the task for the child to collect and count the coins, putting them in their special piggy bank.Over time, the baby will accumulate 5-10 hryvnias, for which, having previously counted them, he will be able to buy something in the store at will.

The classics. This wonderful street game is now undeservedly forgotten, but remember how often we jumped to the classics in childhood. And our mothers and fathers did it more often! After all, then the children spent much less time watching television, but they didn’t hear about ipads and computer games at all. In order to outline the classics without numbers can not do. A simpler option for the weather - outdoor home puzzle-classics.

Board games. Games like Monopoly or Sea Battle (on paper, as we played in school) perfectly develop the mathematical abilities of a child. During the game, the little wise man will understand why he may need this or that knowledge, and will also easily remember the numbers.

Calendar and clock. These time keepers are your silent assistants. Start the morning with the child by determining what day it is (incidentally studying the days of the week), what date, look for it on the calendar, and also remember what time you woke up today, sat down for breakfast or went outside.In the calendar, you can mark particularly successful or unsuccessful days by painting the numbers with different colors. If the calendar is tear-off, let it be the responsibility of the child to tear off and yesterday’s leaflet, solemnly carried to the trash, with the words “Bye-bye, September 8th, today we already have the 9th”.

Learning numbers- process and easy and complex at the same time. Just to learn and remember the numbers is still only half the battle. Addition and subtraction, multiplication and division are waiting for our kids ahead, and then, it’s even scary to think, fractions and discriminant. But all this is ahead. As long as we calmly and patiently master tsiferka after tsiferka with firm conviction that we will succeed.

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