Low location of the placenta during pregnancy, what to do?
While carrying a baby, a woman feels especially: not like always. This period is one of the most beautiful in her life. However, not all everything goes smoothly and cloudlessly. Despite the progress in medicine and the latest methods of treatment and adoption of childbirth, the expectant mother may face a lot of problems and difficulties.
The most frequent diagnoses that are made during pregnancy
While waiting for a baby, a woman may not be aware that not everything is smooth in her body. Most often, the expectant mother is faced with various threats of interrupting fetal development at different times. It is worth noting that timely treatment in this case helps to avoid problems in the future and save the life of the baby.
Also, another diagnosis that is often heard by women who are in an "interesting position" in the gynecologist's office is a low location of the placenta.During pregnancy, there may be other problems with this body, but it is this that occurs in most cases. What is this pathology? And how to fight it?
Low location of the placenta during pregnancy
For a start it is worth saying that such a pathology can take two forms. In the first case, the exchange body completely overlaps the throat. In the second placenta is located a short distance from the entrance to the uterus.
Pathology is diagnosed by ultrasound. During the procedure, the doctor sees on the monitor the internal cavity of the reproductive organ and can accurately indicate the distance from the pharynx to the fetus and the children's place.
Low location of the placenta during pregnancy: what to do?
What should be done in this case? One of the most important points in making a diagnosis is the period at which a low location of the placenta was detected during pregnancy. It is on this that the choice of further tactics for observing a woman depends.
First trimester of pregnancy
Quite often, a low location of the placenta is detected at the first ultrasound examination (for 12 weeks gestation).In this case, no treatment is carried out. In some cases, the doctor may not even consider this fact.
The placenta is, of course, the most important organ that makes contact between mother and baby. It is worth noting that with the course of pregnancy it can move upwards. That is why no treatment is prescribed for such a short period of time and a wait-and-see tactic is chosen.
Low location of the placenta during pregnancy in the first trimester is absolutely not dangerous. The only exception is the case when the body completely covers the mouth.
Low placentation in the second trimester of pregnancy
During the second ultrasound examination, the expectant mother can also have a low location of the placenta (22 weeks during pregnancy). In this case, the distance at which the body is from the pharynx is necessarily taken into account. If it is less than five centimeters, then the doctor prescribes an appropriate treatment.
Quite often, women are prescribed an unscheduled additional ultrasound if a low location of the placenta is found in the first trimester. At 18 weeks gestation, the doctor once again examines the uterine cavity and assesses the risks that may be. In any case, the waiting tactic remains the predominant choice of doctors.Doctors give chances that the organ can migrate in the third trimester of fetal development.
If the expectant mother found a low location of the placenta during pregnancy for 20 weeks, then she is prescribed the appropriate treatment. It is worth noting that until this time gynecologists refrain from carrying out the correction. Exceptions are only those cases where the placenta completely overlaps the internal pharynx and bleeding occurs.
In the last trimester of pregnancy, a low location of the placenta is indicated if the organ is located less than seven centimeters from the entrance to the uterus. In other cases, we can assume that the placenta rose independently. Treatment of low placentation includes the following activities.
- Exclusion of any loads
With full placenta previa at all stages of pregnancy or with a low location of the organ in the third trimester, the woman is prescribed to limit physical exertion.
It is strictly forbidden to lift heavy objects and strain. In some cases, even the use of laxatives is recommended. This facilitates the process of defecation and eliminates the tension of the uterus when visiting the toilet.
- Calming drugs
Always at placenta previa sedatives are appointed. These can be Valerian pills, motherwort tincture or more serious medications that are taken only on the recommendation of a doctor.
Soothing means you need to drink constantly. Otherwise, any unexpected stressful situation can lead to an undesirable contraction of the uterus and the occurrence of bleeding.
- Refusal of sexual contact
If the expectant mother has a low location of the placenta, the doctor recommends to refrain from intimate contact. Such peace is prescribed until the exchange body rises and the risk of bleeding disappears.
With the full previa placenta sex is excluded for the entire time of the baby.
- Acceptance of hemostatic drugs
If bleeding occurs, it is necessary to urgently go to the hospital. It is worth noting that bleeding is quite common with placenta previa, but this is not the norm. Indifference to such a situation can cause a threat to the life not only of the infant, but also of the pregnant woman.
For the treatment of such a pathology, doctors prescribe hemostatic agents. These include tablets "Tranexam" drug "Ditsinon" medicine "Vikasol" and others. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe intravenous or intramuscular administration of these funds.
- Caesarean delivery
If, nevertheless, the children's place has not risen to the required distance from the internal pharynx, then the planned cesarean section is assigned to the woman. In this case, natural childbirth is dangerous for the life of the very future mother and her baby.
Now you know what to do with a low location or placenta previa. A woman with such a diagnosis must be carefully monitored and all precautions must be taken.
Watch your well-being during such an important period. Remember that you are responsible not only for your health, but also for the life of your crumbs!