Nizhny Novgorod, the Volga River, the Oka River and others. Description and significance of water arteries
In the center of the East European Plain is thebeautiful city of Nizhny Novgorod. The rivers Volga and Oka are the main water arteries of this region. All water bodies belong to the Zavolzhye (northern part) and Right Bank (right bank of the Volga). They have many differences, which can easily be explained by the difference in the soil and the relief feature.
Acquaintance with the city
In the central part of Russia there is a uniquea city that many still remember as Gorky. This name was worn for almost 60 years. At present the settlement has been renamed to Nizhny Novgorod. The rivers Oka and Volga in this place unite their waters. The year of its foundation is the 1221st.
It is a city-millionaire: the population in 2016 amounted to almost 1.3 million people. It occupies the 5th place in Russia in terms of the number of inhabitants. It was built on an area of about 450 square meters. km. Mostly Russians live here (94%), also there are Tatars, Armenians, Ukrainians, Mordvins, etc., but they are much smaller (of each nationality within 0.5-1.5%).
At present Nizhny Novgorod is a large industrial and cultural center of the Russian Federation. It is the main transport hub. Excellent development in the tourist direction.
So, the information outlined above, brieflydescribes the city of Nizhny Novgorod. The Volga River flows throughout the region for about 260 km. It divides this territory on the left bank in the lowland, and on the right on the elevation, whose height is 247 m above sea level. After the installation of the dam, the water level increased, due to which reservoirs were formed: in the northern part - Gorkovskoye, and in the southern part - Cheboksarskoye.
This artery is divided into three parts: Upper, Middle and Lower. It is the Middle Volga that flows through the region and the main city of this region, called Nizhny Novgorod. The rivers here are quite deep. The river bed of the Volga has a width of 500 m to 1.5 km. In winter, the river is covered with a thick layer of ice (maximum up to 1 meter). This period lasts from December to April. And the high water begins in the middle of spring and ends at the beginning of summer, most often in June. In the warm season the water in the river warms up to +26 ° С. Therefore, often on the beach you can find tourists. On the Volga in the Nizhny Novgorod region, closer to the regional city, there are several islands, which include the following: Kocherginsky, Krasavchik, Shchukobor, Teply, Barminsky, Podnovsky, Pechersky sands. Settlements on the river: Balakhna, Gorodets, Bor, Chkalovsk and, of course, the largest - Nizhny Novgorod.
Rivers in this region use not onlyindustrial and transport spheres, but also for tourist purposes. For tourists on the Volga built a variety of recreation centers, boarding houses, hotels. Also, some visitors prefer to spend the night in tents on the coast. Tourist bases offer their visitors walks on swimming facilities down and upstream.
Okada River in Nizhny Novgorod. It is the largest tributary of the river. The Volga. It was on the site of their merger that the city was formed. And the famous Volga-Oksky landscape has the name "Arrow". In addition to Nizhny Novgorod, the Oka flows through Pavlovsk, Bogorodsk, Navashino and Dzerzhinsk, related to the Nizhny Novgorod region. The width of the channel within the city is about 800 m, the current speed is 1 m / s, the banks are high. Through it, six bridges within the city are built.
The river Oka is flat. As it flows through clay soils, its waters are more turbid. It feeds mainly on melted snow and falling precipitation. In winter Oka is covered with a thick layer of ice. The duration of the freeze-up is about 5 months (similar to the Volga).
Rest on the Oka River
In Avtozavodsky district on the river there are equippedbeaches that are often visited by tourists. The rest of the plots, unfortunately, are equipped more industrially. Also, this river is popular with angler-lovers, because in it there are more than 20 species of fish. They include: perch, bream, roach, ide, pike perch, burbot and others. Conditions for fishing here are more than enough, because on the Oka there are various braids, cliffs, stony and clay sites. And you can fish while on the shore or with a swimming facility.
Small rivers of Nizhny Novgorod
In addition to the Volga and the Oka River, which river in Nizhny Novgorodstill deserves attention? Only local residents can answer this question quickly. Pochayna - water flow, which in the XIX century is enclosed in stone pipes. It is the tributary of the Volga, the place of confluence is the right bank. It flows around the walls of the Kremlin. Now the only reminder of Pochayne remained in the name of the street and the ravine.
Also in the city there are many small water streams. This Levinka, Rzhavka, Gremyachaya, Stark, and in honor of the Black River named the whole neighborhood.