Pulmonary tuberculosis: symptoms and treatment
Pulmonary tuberculosis is a well-known disease, but not everyone knows that other organs of the human body can be affected with Koch's chopstick, which causes this disease. These are eyes, bones, skin, internal organs. Of course, the most common in nature is pulmonary tuberculosis.The path of transmission of the Koch sticks is airborne. A little contact with a sick person is enough to “grab” Koch’s wand, especially if your body’s defenses are reduced. At the same time, the probability of getting active tuberculosis increases to 5%.
Resistance of mycobacteria
The active form of the disease is characterized by the rapid multiplication of infection in the lungs, which destroys them, poisoning the body with toxins. So is tuberculous intoxication. Mycobacteria are characterized by amazing resistance to various chemical and physical factors: cold, moisture, heat and light. Koch's sticks are affected by solar radiation, high temperature and chlorine.
The first signs of pulmonary tuberculosis
For tuberculous intoxication characterized by a sharp weight loss (over 10 kg), weakness, weakness. The patient is worried about sweating, often at night, decreased performance and appetite, fatigue, irritability. Pulmonary tuberculosis is usually not accompanied by a significant increase in temperature (not more than 37.5 ° C). At the onset of the disease, cough and chest pain are not always worried, these symptoms appear later, patients are mistakenly associated with bronchitis or the consequences of smoking. In some cases, pulmonary tuberculosis begins acutely, accompanied by chills, headache, sweating, temperature up to 38 ° C. These symptoms are commonly referred to as flu or pneumonia. Therefore, only an experienced doctor will be able to deliver the correct diagnosis.
They approach the disease in a complex way, applying various methods, strictly individual, using proven schemes and taking into account the general condition of the body. Treatment should be consistent and continuous, combining such methods:
- drug therapy (anti-inflammatory and hormonal agents, vitamins, symptomatic treatment);
- health resort treatment and diet;
- collapse therapy.
Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis by folk remedies is usually ineffective, and it can be considered as ancillary.
Preventive measures are divided into specific and nonspecific. The nonspecific include the rehabilitation of children and adults in order to increase their immunity, rational nutrition, landscaping streets, improving living and working conditions. Specific measures are preventive vaccinations, anti-epidemiological measures and clinical examination. In addition to these measures, there are known factors that influence the development of the active phase of tuberculosis in the event of infection. These factors include:
- poor nutrition;
- toxic products;
- use of immunosuppressants;
- the presence of diseases affecting the immune system;
- stressful conditions.