"Soda" in the USSR: why it was considered one of the best in the world

11-04-2018, 20:51
Consumption history carbonated water in Russia has more than a dozen years. Soda managed to stay the whim of aristocrats, the popular drink and even weapons geopolitics, our response to the Coke.

"Soda" in the USSR: why it was considered one of the best in the world


Where did he come from - lemonade?
Like many great inventions, sparkling water was invented by by mistake. According to legend, the first "soda" in the history of winemakers made King Louis I. When the monarch asked for wine, the butler confused barrels of wine and juice. I noticed a mistake and added mineral to juice water The king liked the drink. Allegedly, it appeared "royal lemonade". But it is a legend. In fact, it is known that in the 17th century France lemonade called a mixture of lemon juice with mineral water. Far from everyone could afford such a drink, so consumption lemonade was considered the whim of the aristocracy.
They drank lemonade in Italy.There, lemonade also insisted on various herbs. Thus, the world history of lemonade began with mixing lemon juice with mineral water, only in 1767 English scientist Joseph Priestley came up with a saturator, with which it became it is possible to saturate plain water with bubbles of carbon dioxide. First carbonated lemonade appeared in the beginning of the XIX century, and in 1871 in The United States has patented the first lemonade. With frilly title: "High-quality lemon carbonated ginger ale." Just this fad liked to drink Lolita in Nabokov's sensational novel.
Peter's innovations

"Soda" in the USSR: why it was considered one of the best in the world

The appearance of lemonade in Russia is associated with Peter the Great. The recipe, and most importantly the fashion for consuming lemonade, he brought from Europe.
Peter Tolstoy, a diplomat of the time of Peter the Great, wrote that abroad "they consume more lemonade in drinks ...".
A new drink in Russia fell in love immediately, and the emperor commanded “on assemblies drink lemonade. " Catching fashion trend, cool the drink began to be prepared in noble and merchant families, although he was not cheap and kept only a week.
Lemonade in art

"Soda" in the USSR: why it was considered one of the best in the world

By the beginning of the XIX century, lemonade in Russia was drunk not only in assemblies and not only aristocrats. True, it was usually not carbonated lemonade, rather lemon water. Mixing it with mineral water was still expensive. Lemonade drank Herman in Pushkin's The Queen of Spades and Arbenin in Lermontov's "Masquerade", Dunya in the "Stationmaster" filed his father mug "it harvested lemonade."

"Soda" in the USSR: why it was considered one of the best in the world

In Chekhov's story "Fermentation drain ”Akim Danilych in the grocery store drank lemonade with cognac.

Waters Lagidze

"Soda" in the USSR: why it was considered one of the best in the world

In Russia, the history of lemonade received its unique development. In 1887 Tiflis pharmacist Mitrofan Lagidze came up with the idea to mix carbonated water is no longer with lemon juice, but with an extract of Caucasian tarragon, better known as tarragon. At the pre-revolutionary international exhibitions sparkling and fragrant drink Lagidze repeatedly received gold medals Mitrofan Lagidze was the supplier of the Imperial Court and Iranian Shah. Enjoyed the popularity of "Water Lagidze" and in the Soviet time.
From Tbilisi plant twice a week, on Mondays and Wednesdays to Moscow special flights were sent to the party lemonade for the first persons of the state. It is known that Khrushchev loved pear and orange drinks, Brezhnev - pear and tarkhunovy, Kalinin - orange, Anastas Mikoyan - pear and lemon.
"Water Lagidze" participated in geopolitics. Tbilisi lemonade stood on the tables of the participants of the Yalta conference, several thousand bottles "Cream soda" Franklin Roosevelt took with him to the United States, and Churchill mentioned Yalta lemonade in his memoirs.
When the other US president, Harry Truman, sent a gift to the USSR in In 1952, 1000 bottles of "Coca-Cola", then in response received a whole batch various Lagidze lemonades, including such exotic species as chocolate and creamy
Automatic machines

"Soda" in the USSR: why it was considered one of the best in the world

April 16, 1937 in the dining room of Smolny was installed the first unit with carbonated water. This can be considered truly historical. an event. Further more. Automatic machines began to appear in Moscow, and then throughout the Union. Just sparkling water cost one penny, Sparkling water with syrup was sold for three pennies. Cups were reusable, they just rinsed with a stream of water, which was far from current hygiene standards.
Siphons

"Soda" in the USSR: why it was considered one of the best in the world

Those who "come from the USSR" remember that in every house there used to be a siphon - such a semi-fantastic unit with replaceable cartridges with carbon dioxide gas. Siphon needed to be able to handle, and with cans to keep safety measures - at the wrong installation siphon was starting to frighten hiss. Siphon cans have also been used for charging airguns, but this is not the topic of the article.
Lemonade today

"Soda" in the USSR: why it was considered one of the best in the world

Today, lemonades are not what they are called. About the dangers of excessive consumption of carbonated drinks did not say just lazy, but if this the drink is still made with the addition of dyes, stabilizers and contains a horse dose of sugar, then a completely dangerous lemonade it turns out. Natural lemonade can be found rarely, and it is stored just a week.
There is such a historical bike:
“Lavrentiy Beria suspected Mitrofan Lagidze that he was“ cheering ” preparing their famous lemonades. Then Lagidze prepared his “Estragon” right in the room, under Stalin and Beria. "


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