The device stairs to the attic

When building the stairs to the attic, I was guided by the basic principles: safety, convenience, functionality, economy in manufacturing and visual appeal. In advance when designing the house provided for the location of marches. For the stairs, I chose the end of the corridor, provided for two marches upward with a turn of 180 degrees. And he designed the basement down, and this is another two marches.
The device stairs to the attic

The device stairs to the attic

The classic (driveway) pivot design of the staircase with two straight marches optimally approached, since it occupies a smaller area and through it you can bring the necessary furniture.
The device stairs to the attic

I made walls of the corridor from three sides of wooden structures, so I decided to make a staircase without balusters and disguise it under the cupboard, using the compartment mechanism as doors.
The device stairs to the attic

The device stairs to the attic

Made a sketch, scribbling a future ladder on the walls with a marker. The risers were 20 cm high, and the level itself was 28 centimeters.
When designing, I took into account the following:
- the slope of the ladder should be minimal for which it is necessary to increase the length of the march;
- steps must be at least 30 centimeters deep, and strictly equal in height so that they are easy to use and not get injured;
- ensuring the reliability of the design, fixtures, sufficient lighting;
- performance of a ladder 90 centimeters wide, according to the recommended standards.
I performed the kosour of the lower march from a bar 60 millimeters thick and 30-35 centimeters wide. I made a bowstring for a kosour from a corner, having drilled holes in it every 10 centimeters from both sides beforehand, for attaching the kosour to the wall. This corner in conjunction with other metal structures served as the supporting frame of the staircase. I also made the whole base of the upper march from a corner, which I sawed in advance with an angle grinder and cooked on the street. As a donor corner I used three old beds with an armor mesh.
The device stairs to the attic

The device stairs to the attic

For the dvuhmarzhevoy stairs made in the middle of the site, securing to the walls 40 millimeter corners, putting on them the old wooden door. From above, in addition to level the surface and give greater strength to the platform, fastened a chipboard sheet 90 centimeters wide.Later, the surface was faced with laminated parquet, and the transitions were covered with a decorative corner.
The device stairs to the attic

The device stairs to the attic

The number of steps in the march, respectively, and its march length will depend on the height of the second floor. The risers will give the staircase not only additional strength, but will not allow fallen things to fall down and walk the air flow from the basement or storeroom.
The device stairs to the attic

The device stairs to the attic

The device stairs to the attic

For the material treads and risers, I chose a well-polished pine glued timber, which is sold in any specialty store.
The device stairs to the attic

The fastening of the steps of the lower march produced screws on the edge, and the upper one from the inside into holes prepared in the metal corner.
The device stairs to the attic

For the safety of the stairs and its strength, instead of fencing, I provided a solid wall between the marches. He made the whole decoration above the flight of stairs with MDF panels, as he took into account that when coming down the stairs you have to touch the walls, and it is enough to wipe them out of this material.
The device stairs to the attic

The device stairs to the attic

The device stairs to the attic

The staircase was very durable and quite comfortable, even for children, and with the help of compartment doors I veiled the presence of additional rooms and isolated the floors from each other so that the heat flow did not go up when the heating system was in operation.

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