The image of a little man in the poem "The Bronze Horseman" A. S. Pushkin
In the work of the great Russian poet A.S. Pushkin, a monument to Emperor Peter appears in the form of power. The protagonist of the work is Eugene, who is described as a completely ordinary person. The flood that occurred in the city darkens all his plans. Arriving at his beloved Parasha’s home, he sees that the river has destroyed everything he could have dreamed of.
"Little Man" in literature
The image of the “little man” in the poem “The Bronze Horseman” is far from the only attempt in Russian literature to describe such a type. Other examples are the work “The Poor People” by Dostoevsky, “The Overcoat” by Gogol. In his work, the great Russian poet sought to show the senselessness of the struggle of the "little man" with the all-powerful natural elements, as well as the power of autocracy.
The theme of the little man in the poem "The Bronze Horseman" is revealed with the help of a detailed description of her main character - Eugene.According to the established tradition, the poem is a work that has a narrative character. And if at one time it was considered more likely a historical work, then over time it began to wear a romantic character. In the poem began to appear central actors, who are independent actors, and not just vague images, snatched from the historical flow.
The main character of the work is Eugene, who is a representative of the “Petersburg” period in the history of the country. He is that “little” person, whose meaning of life lies in the dispensation of his life and quiet middle-class happiness. His life is limited to a close circle of concerns about his own home and family.
And these are the character traits that make the image of the protagonist unacceptable for the poet himself, they turn him into a "little man." The great Russian poet intentionally refuses to describe the image of Eugene. He even deprives him of any surname, emphasizing by this that it is possible to put any in its place - the life of many representatives of St. Petersburg of that time is reflected in the image of Yevgeny.
The opposition of personality and power
The problem of the little man in the poem “The Bronze Horseman” is a matter of confronting a helpless unit, the omnipotence of autocracy. And in this comparison the Bronze Horseman and the main character determine the main difference. Eugene has a soul, and he can suffer, grieve, dream about something. The emperor cares about the fate of people, including Eugene, who will once live in the capital. And the thoughts of the main character are hovering around their own lives. However, despite this, it is he who causes the greatest sympathy of the reader, his image causes lively participation.
Riot in the shower
The flood that hit Evgeny’s life makes him a real hero. He is going crazy (as you know, this is one of the frequent attributes of the main character of a romantic work). The main character wanders through the streets of the city, which has become hostile to him, and hears the sound of the river. It also reflects the rebellion of the little man in the poem The Bronze Horseman, which filled the soul of the protagonist. The element of nature awakens in his heart that which Pushkin considered the main thing for man - memory. It is the memories of the experienced flood pushing him to the Senate Square. There he meets for the second time with a monument.
He finally understands what is the cause of all his sufferings and misfortunes. Yevgeny finds out the culprit and begins to threaten him - now he is experiencing only hatred for the "half-world stronghold" and wants to take revenge on him.
What does the protest lead to?
The spiritual evolution of the protagonist also gives rise to the naturalness of the protest. Also, the great Russian poet shows the transformation of Eugene. An internal protest raises him to a new life filled with tragedy, which must end in an imminent death. And Yevgeny dares to threaten Peter himself with his retribution. This threat causes the emperor to fear, because he is aware of the strength that lies in the spiritual protest of the human heart.
And when Eugene, at last, “he comes to sight”, he becomes a Man in the true sense of the word. It should be noted that never in this passage the poet does not name the protagonist by name - he again becomes faceless, just like everyone else. Here the reader sees the opposition of the terrible king and the Man, who has a heart and a memory. In the rebellion of Eugene displayed a threat to the whole autocracy, the promise of popular retribution. But a revived statue punishes the “madman of the poor.”This is the tragedy of the little man in the poem The Bronze Horseman.
It is also symbolic that Pushkin calls his main character "insane." After all, the performance of loners against the autocracy system does not fit into the framework of common sense. This is true insanity. However, the poet emphasizes that it is "holy", because silence and humility bring ruin. Only protest can save a person from moral destruction in those conditions where cruelty and violence reign.
The great Russian poet emphasizes both the tragedy and the comic situation. Eugene is a “little man” who challenges the powerful power of the autocracy. And he dares to threaten the emperor — not a real one, but his monument, cast in bronze. This action is an attempt to resist evil circumstances, to cast your vote.
People’s life depends on power
The image of the little man in the poem “The Bronze Horseman” is very indicative: as a result of the flood, the main character loses his beloved, goes crazy and eventually dies. One can argue how all these events relate to the problem of the state? But having become acquainted with the work more closely, one can understand that in reality it is the most immediate.After all, events unfold in St. Petersburg, which, by the will of the emperor, was erected on the banks of the Neva.
The skill with which the great Russian poet conveyed his ideas
The theme of the little man in the poem “The Bronze Horseman” is the confrontation of man by the merciless state system. After all, it turns out that if the autocrat had not founded the city in this particular place, then the main character of the work would have survived. Alexander Sergeevich embodies this deep and at the same time paradoxical idea with the help of the system of images described in the poem. After all, it is not by chance that, obsessed with his mind, Eugene sees his enemy as a copper horseman, and it is not by chance that this horseman chases him through the streets of the city and eventually kills him. With the help of the image of a little man in the poem "The Bronze Horseman" Pushkin makes it clear that the idea that it is impossible to oppose the interests of an individual to the interests of the state in which he lives. The rulers always think big and do not take into account what kind of fate awaits the inhabitants of their countries.
On whose side is Pushkin himself?
It is impossible to unequivocally answer the question on which side the author of the poem “The Bronze Horseman” himself.The rebellion of the little man is the leitmotif of the work, but for the great Russian poet the historical justification of the actions of the emperor is no less important. After all, it is in this work that the inspired hymn to the city on the Neva sounds. With its splendor, Petersburg embodied the idea of a great Russian state (and it was Peter’s works that made it such).
Alexander Sergeevich did not set himself the task of branded the empire or, on the contrary, elevated it. On the one hand, the poet retained humanity, speaking of a single person and feeling sympathy for her. After all, the image of the little man in the poem "The Bronze Horseman" is still the main one. On the other hand, he saw that a great country is also an important value. And not deciding the question of the relationship between the individual and the whole state, the great Russian poet wrote about their inevitable confrontation and the tragedy of relationships.