The main victories of the Red Army
The victories that immortalized the Soviet fighters.
Battle of Moscow (1941-1942)
Counteroffensive near Moscow, December 5, 1941 - May 7, 1942
The long and bloody defense of Moscow, which began in September 1941, from December 5, entered the offensive phase, which ended April 20, 1942. Near Moscow, Soviet troops inflicted the first painful defeat of Germany, thereby disrupting the plans of the German command to seize the capital before the onset of cold weather.
The length of the front of the Moscow operation unfolded from Kalyazin in the north to Ryazhsk in the south exceeded 2 thousand km. On both sides, more than 2.8 million military, 21 thousand mortars and guns, 2 thousand tanks and 1.6 thousand aircraft took part in the operation.
German General Gunter Blumentrit recalled:
“Now it was important for the political leaders of Germany to understand that the days of blitzkrieg are gone. We were opposed by the army, which in its fighting qualities was far superior to all the other armies we had ever met. ”
Battle of Stalingrad (1942-1943)
The Luftwaffe conducts bombardment of residential areas of Stalingrad, October 1942.
The battle of Stalingrad is considered the largest land battle in the history of mankind. The estimated casualties of both sides exceed 2 million people, about 100 thousand German soldiers were taken prisoner. For the Axis countries, the defeat at Stalingrad was decisive, after which Germany was no longer able to regain its strength.
French writer Jean-Richard Block rejoiced in those victorious days: “Listen, Parisians! The first three divisions that invaded Paris in June 1940, the three divisions, which at the invitation of the French General Denz desecrated our capital, these three divisions - the hundredth, one hundred and thirteenth and two hundred ninety-fifth - no longer exist! They were destroyed at Stalingrad: the Russians had avenged Paris! ”
Battle of Kursk (1943)
Battle of the Kursk Bulge
The victory of the Soviet troops on the Kursk Bulge made a fundamental change in the course of the Great Patriotic War. The positive outcome of the battle was the result of the strategic advantage gained by the Soviet command, as well as the prevailing by that time superiority in manpower and equipment.For example, in the legendary tank battle under Prokhorovka, the General Staff was able to deploy 597 pieces of equipment, while the German command only had 311.
At the Teheran Conference that followed the Kursk Battle, US President Franklin Roosevelt became so bold that he discussed his own plan to dismember Germany into 5 states.
“If things continue to go on in Russia as they are now, then it is possible that there will be no need for a second front next spring!” The American president summed up.
The capture of Berlin (1945)
Soviet artillery on the outskirts of Berlin, April 1945.
The assault on Berlin became the final part of the Berlin offensive operation lasting 23 days. The capture of the German capital, the Soviet troops were forced to carry out alone because of the failure of the Allies to participate in this operation. Persistent and bloody battles took the lives of at least 100 thousand Soviet soldiers.
“This is an inconceivable thing for such a huge fortified city to be taken so quickly. We do not know any other such examples in the history of the Second World War, ”wrote the historian Alexander Orlov.
The result of the capture of Berlin was the departure of the Soviet troops to the Elbe River, where their famous meeting with the Allies took place.