The most hardworking animals
Many believe that the most industrious creature on Earth is man. But if you watch the animals more closely, you can easily see that they work no less, and some even more than a man. And at the same time no one forces them to work. Sometimes their work, which is necessary to survive in the wild, is not inferior in its complexity and organization to human labor. And all this is done not only without special tools, but even without hands.
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(Only 20 photos)
1. One of the most famous and grandiose toilers of the animal world, of course, ants. Due to their ability to work in well-organized groups, they have so successfully mastered the Earth that they account for almost a quarter of the biomass of all land animals. They work very harmoniously, and in the anthill each of them performs their role.
2In each anthill there lives one queen (or several queens, depending on the type of ants) and many workers who may differ from each other depending on the tasks that they perform. Working ants have different specializations: soldiers, nannies, builders, cleaners and foragers.
3. About building talents beavers, probably, everyone knows. The beaver itself, like the ant, is also a true symbol of hard work. Beavers are naturally endowed with phenomenal building skills. To build their huts, dams and dams, they not only carry brushwood, but also felled trees, using their powerful teeth as a saw.
4. Beaver ponds and dams can be both harmful and beneficial to the human economy.
5. Lioness-hunters. In the lion pride, the lionesses share a lot of hard work: they have to take care of the kids and get food for the whole pride. Lions are not as agile as lionesses, they cannot run so fast, and the mane during the hunt is more likely to interfere. But they are much stronger, so they take over the protection of the pride territory from the encroachments of hyenas and other lions.
6. Small prey of lioness-hunters, as a rulethey eat themselves right where they caught it, and large prey is dragged into the pride territory. The best pieces at the same time take away the big males. Male lions, in case of a successful hunt, try to eat everything themselves. They are extremely reluctant to share their prey with their relatives and will rather allow them to snatch a piece of cubs than adult lionesses.
7. African hyenoid dogs. Hyeno-like dogs, unlike lions, treat their kin very well, and there are almost no fights in their packs. All members of the pack together take care not only of the cubs, but even feed the sick or wounded and old relatives.
8. They hunt in the morning and in the evening, and almost always successfully. Drac because of food in flocks of hyenoid dogs does not happen - everyone gets their share, and hunters, and young, and those who remained to look after them.
9. Shalashniki. These amazing birds in the breeding season to attract females build for them real gazebos with all sorts of decorations. For the nest, this structure, decorated with shiny shells, colored pebbles, and sometimes every motley trifle that can be stolen from people, is not used at all.
10. The appointment of a hut - just make an impression on the lady and invite her to go there.After completing the romantic part of the date, the couple loses interest in each other, and the female begins to engage in the incubation and feeding of the chicks completely independently.
11. Fish wrasse. These small fish (their size is only 5-7 centimeters) specialize in providing medical services to other fish and the entire coral reef, saving the suffering from parasites.
12. The inhabitants of the reef know about the mastery of the wrasses and purposely swim to them in order to give themselves a good clean. These fish are also famous for the fact that when there are not enough males in the flock, some females are able to change their gender and fulfill the functions of full-fledged cavaliers.
13. Termites: builders and destroyers. By their appearance and habits, termites resemble ants, but in reality they are relatives of cockroaches. The working specialization of these insects is very clear: the queen, the king, the soldiers, the workers.
14. Unlike ants, in which future specialization is highly dependent on the nutrition that an ant receives in childhood (working ants are actually underdeveloped females, if they were fed better, they would all become queens), the working specialty of the termite is its genetic code.And no matter how well fed the child worker, he will grow up working termite.
15. Earthworms: soil loosening
16. Minks of earthworms can go deep into the earth to 8 meters. These small holes are extremely important for saturating the soil with moisture and air.
17. Emperor penguins - a living house. Emperor penguins start hatching (or rather “standing”) eggs at the beginning of the Antarctic winter, when the ambient temperature ranges from -20 to -50 degrees. Of the building material in Antarctica, only ice is available at this time of the year, but penguins solve the problem of creating a warm home where they are wittier. They gather in a large group and move in tight dance, tightly hugging each other.
18. The temperature in the interior of such a living home can reach +35 degrees. So that everyone can get their share of heat, penguins constantly move from the center of the house to its periphery.
19. Bees: honey factory. Bees, like their ancestral relatives, are perfectly adapted to life on our planet, and have mastered all continents except Antarctica. Their social and labor organization is also similar to the ant.In each hive there is a queen queen, many of her daughters are working bees, and several drones. How many drones start the womb itself decides. Those drones that the queue did not reach during the mating games, and therefore they survived, are no longer fed in August (and they eat much more than working bees) and are thrown from the hive.
20. Specialization of a working bee depends on its age. The youngest bees enter the retinal womb to feed it and the larvae. At the age of 1 week, the bee is retrained as a wax manufacturer and honeycomb builder. At the age of two weeks, the bee is transferred to cleaning the hive. When she turns 20 days old, she proceeds to ventilate the hive and guard the beekeeper. Beginning at 22 days of age, the bee begins to collect nectar in the fields. If she is lucky enough to live up to 30 days, then she will be transferred to an even harder job - collecting water for the hive. This is the most dangerous job on which most bees die. The age of 35 days is the limit of the life of a working bee. But with the onset of cold weather, the bees cease to grow old and arrange for wintering, so that in the spring they can start working again, being at the age in which winter caught them.
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