The region is a separate territory. History of the formation of regions in Russia
Modern administrative-territorialthe division of Russia was formed even in the times of the USSR. After the collapse of the Union, almost no changes occurred. In the structure of the territorial division of Russia, the following elements are singled out: territory, district, region, district, city, district in the city.
What is an area?
The region is a part of the state territory,which has its own boundaries. Formation of the regions was still in the times of the Russian Empire. Each region has its own administrative center. Usually it is the largest city. The area of most regions of Russia is approximately the same. Such units were created, proceeding from a certain generality, the homogeneity of the population that lives on the territory.
Formation of regions during the Russian Empire
At the beginning of the last century, the legal essence of thisThe concept was slightly different from the modern generally accepted understanding. As you know, the main administrative part of the Russian Empire were the provinces, but at the same time, the first regions appeared from the middle of the 18th century. Normative differences were in the order of managing the territories, since the provinces were formed on the already fully developed lands. The region is a territorial formation created on newly adopted lands in the state. It was politically inexpedient to create a large province on practically unexplored land.
The very first area created in the RussianEmpire - Olonets. The year of foundation was 1776. It existed in this status until 1784. Three years after Olonetsky, the Kolyvan region was established in the newly annexed lands. These lands were mastered by the Russians quite quickly, because already in 1783 the region became a separate province. A year later, in 1784, there are two more regions - Tavricheskaya (everyone remembers, probably, the Kuchuk-Kanajir Peace Treaty of 1783, according to which the Crimea was transferred to Russia) and the Yakut region. During the nineteenth century, another 29 regions were created in the empire, which gradually joined the gubernias, and only a few of them survived until the collapse of the empire.
The date of its foundation is January 14, 1929. It was on this day that the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR "On the Establishment of the Moscow Region" was adopted. This is the only territory of the Russian Federation, whose administrative center is not legally defined, because the actual center of the region (the city of Moscow) is the capital of the state.
In size, the Moscow region is the 55th inassociation in the country. It borders with Tula, Ryazan, Kaluga, Smolensk, Vladimir, Tver regions. How many cities in the Moscow region? Having looked at the administrative map of the region, we will see that it includes 29 districts. On their territory there are 32 cities of regional subordination, 2 urban-type settlements, and also 5 special closed territories.
The Moscow region is the most economicallydeveloped region of the state. This is facilitated by the neighborhood with a huge metropolis, the salaries in which are the highest in Russia, so many people who want to earn money come here.