What does the ichthyologist do? Profession ichthyologist is ...
In Greek, "ichthys" means "fish", and "logos" means "word", which is why it can be argued that the ichthyologist is a connoisseur of fish.
Characteristics of the profession
An expert in ichthyology studiesevolutionary development of fish, their structure and life forms, peculiarities of reproduction. On the basis of the data obtained, he investigates various methods of fishing, determines which of them are the most rational. In addition, the ichthyologist is a scientist who studies fish farming and is engaged in fish conservation activities.
It should be noted that this professioninvolves not only familiarization with the anatomical features of aquatic inhabitants, but also with their industrial species. Only an ichthyologist, whose profession is rather complicated but interesting, can indicate how to properly plant fish, keep them and grow them.
I must say that work in this direction has certain features. Let us consider them in more detail.
Specificity of professional activity of ichthyologists
These specialists carry out research thatconcern the construction of dams, hydroelectric power stations or any enterprises whose activities are related to the use and discharge of water into lakes, rivers and seas (natural water bodies).
What do people practice ichthyologist? They can work in research institutes, in industrial and floating fish cannery, apply their knowledge while working in enterprises that specialize in fish farming, and engage in scientific work.
In addition, the ichthyologist is an employee whocan occupy certain positions in zoos or oceanariums, monitor in nature reserves and in facilities that are related to nature conservation areas.
It should be noted that for a successfulprofessional activity such people need to be well-oriented not only in ichthyology, but also have a sufficient level of knowledge in the field of geography, hydrology and botany, as well as paleozoology and climatology.
Personal qualities required by the ichthyologist
At once it is necessary to tell, that the given trade asrule, choose men. For effective work you need to have excellent health and good sports training. What does the ichthyologist do? He studies fish that are found not only in local water bodies, but also in the inhabitants of the seas and oceans, which can occur not only in another region, but even in another country or continent. Therefore, this work involves long business trips and stay in the open air, living in a rather unattractive place. Not every woman is able to withstand such conditions.
If you answer the question about what you are doingichthyologist, we should mention not only the departure to the habitats of certain species of fish, but also the underwater observations that provide for video shooting, which also requires appropriate training and skills.
In addition, only a person who hasinclination to natural sciences and interest in research and development, and also loves wildlife and has a certain boldness, can work in this field.
What is necessary for work
As a rule, for research workIchthyologist special equipment is not necessary - it is enough to have a container with formalin and alcohol. For catching fish, the trawl net is mainly taken. The researcher ascends aboard the ship and goes to the investigated areas of the reservoir, after which the catching of water inhabitants begins. Due to the specific shape of the trawl net, which looks like a net, the fish has no chance to get out of it.
Once there is enoughcatch, the network is lifted aboard. The fish that was caught, laid out on a tarpaulin and studied. Those species that are of some interest to the ichthyologist get into the tanks with a fixing fluid, the others are mainly sent to the ship's kitchen or back to the pond. For a more detailed study, the caught fish species are sent to a research institute.
It should be noted that the ichthyologist is a person,who sometimes have to go under water and live watching the underwater world, after which it is possible to make appropriate records, so for this work you need to have the appropriate equipment - a special diving suit, mask, fins, gloves, oxygen cylinders and depth gauge.
How to become an ichthyologist?
Profession ichthyologist - this is quite complicateddirection, therefore, the relevant education is compulsory. To obtain a sufficient level of knowledge in order to become a good specialist, it is possible at the Moscow State University named after Lomonosov, having graduated from the biological faculty. Here the ichthyologists are trained, who later can independently carry out various scientific research.
If you graduate from Moscow University of Technology andmanagement, it is possible to obtain the education of an ichthyologist, who later has the right to work in zoos, zoos and other institutions where fish are kept. You can also graduate from Dmitrovsky fishing industry college.
It should be noted that experts-ichthyologistsshould be well-versed in other related sciences and be able to use in their work the latest achievements in chemistry and physics, as well as special equipment for underwater research and surveying.
Ichthyologist in the field of fish farming
This specialist monitors the hydrobiologicalcondition of the reservoir, develops the necessary tasks to optimize the work of the site, which specializes in the cultivation of fish, and also develops a plan and work schedules in accordance with the stages of development of aquatic inhabitants.
What does the ichthyologist do? He also controls fish stocks and studies the influence of various factors on them, analyzes the species, age and weight composition of the catch, conducts biological research. In addition, the ichthyologist develops proposals for more rational use of reservoirs, conservation and growth of fish stocks, and establishes permits or a ban on catch, takes part in the development and implementation of new technologies for the production of commercial fish species.
Its functional duties include monitoringcorrect use of equipment and equipment, as well as the state of the water security strip along the banks of water bodies. He also monitors the implementation of certain preventive works (for example, for laying pond lodges).
What the ichthyologist should know for the maximum fish stocks in water bodies
This employee must have perfect knowledge inthe field of fish farming and operation of hydraulic structures, to understand pond and lake fish farming, to know the features and operating principles of various equipment and mechanisms that can be used. It should also determine the level of acclimatization of fish and their diseases, carry out the necessary veterinary and sanitary, preventive or curative measures, monitor the quality of fish products and establish production and economic relations with other enterprises for its profitable sale.
The ichthyologist also needs to know the normativedocumentation on fish farming, rules and regulations related to labor protection and fire safety, be able to record and report in accordance with the established procedure.
To these specialists, the relevantqualification requirements. So, to be a fish farmer of the first category, you need to have a higher ichthyological or zootechnical education, as well as an experience of working as a fish farmer of the second category for more than three years.
If we draw conclusions, then we can say that the ichthyologist performs the following functional tasks:
1. It carries out production and technological activities - controls the state of fishery water bodies, is responsible for the rational use of aquatic biological resources, as well as for the quality of aquaculture facilities that are grown, monitors the parameters of the environment and technological processes.
2. The ichthyologist carries out organizational and managerial activities - organizes the work of the team and takes managerial decisions in disputed situations, finds a compromise between the various requirements (the deadline for performing the relevant work, ensuring their quality and safety, setting the optimal prices). It also solves conflicts arising from the exploitation of fishery facilities, organizes the management of aquatic biological resources.
3. The functional duties of the ichthyologist include research work. He analyzes the state and dynamics of various aquatic ecosystems and aquaculture facilities, and develops research programs for aquatic biological resources.
4. Project activities. Regardless of what an entomologist, ichthyologist or any other specialist in the field of natural sciences does, priority project decisions are necessarily formulated and the main objectives of the activity are determined, which should include the rational use of bioresources and their restoration.