Who exercises state power in the Russian Federation?

The Russian Federation is a biga multinational state where many religions, religions and peoples coexist under the same flag. Maintaining a healthy legal framework, order and development in the country is the responsibility of the state. In our country, state power is exercised by the president, the government, the Federation Council, the State Duma and the courts.

State power exercises

The president

As the country's leader, the president plays an important role inadministrative apparatus of the state. Its priority task is to create such a legal framework in which no person vested with power would violate the Constitution of the country. The President has the right to select cadres for important government posts. Someone the head of state appoints at his own discretion, someone offers to choose the State Duma or the Federation Council.

The President exercises power by influencingbodies of legislative power, due to their right to submit their bills for consideration in the State Duma. The head of state can also sign federal laws and send bills for reconsideration.

Another mechanism of influence on the branches of powerare the annual messages of the country's leader to the Federal Assembly. The president points out problem areas, which require close attention of the state.

The head of state has an impact ongovernment, speaking at its meetings and repealing anti-legal regulations. Even the president has the right to abolish normative acts of the executive bodies of power provided that they contradict the current legislation and the Constitution of the country.The federal executive body exercising state

The leader of the state is also the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the country. He defines the plan for the development of the defense industry and manages the military forces as a whole.

As the first person in the country, he exercises state power, determining foreign policy, negotiating with leaders of other states and signing interstate agreements.


This is the highest organ of the federal executiveauthority exercising public administration. At the same time, in his activity he is guided by the provisions of the Constitution, federal laws and normative acts of the president of the country.

Government as a body of state executive power carries out activities for:

  • the creation of a centralized financial and credit policy;
  • creation of a unified policy of education, science and culture;
  • management of federal property;
  • the creation of a legal legal framework, which takes into account the rights and freedoms of citizens.

The chairman sets the vector of work and organizes the activities of the government.

The ministers work within the framework of their department and fulfill the tasks set by the chairman.The bodies of state power exercise

Council of the Federation

This is the upper chamber of the Federal Assembly, the bodygovernment, carrying out the consideration of laws, the adoption of bills of the State Duma, as well as independently engaged in norm-setting.

The Federation Council includes 1 member of the executive branch and 1 member of the legislative branch from the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

The Federation Council conducts hearings separately from the State Duma, with the exception of cases related to the speeches of the first persons of the state and the President of the Russian Federation.

Also, the Federation Council necessarily considersadopted by the State Duma laws related to currency, credit, customs regulations, international treaties, martial law issues and the conclusion of peace.

The State Duma

This is the chamber of the Federal Assembly, which is elected by citizens of the Russian Federation through closed voting and is engaged in lawmaking.

In addition to creating new bills, the DG can:

  • To confirm the choice of the chairman of the government by the president;
  • raise the issue of trust in the government;
  • appoint the chairman of the Central Bank;
  • to charge the president.

Decisions and decisions of the State Duma are adopted on the basis of a majority of votes. Organizational matters of the State Duma are decided by the chairman.

The Duma also listens to the President's message and holds meetings.


Justice in Russia can only be exercised by the courts. In Russia there are federal, constitutional and world courts, which constitute the judicial system of the country.State executive power is exercised by

Each instance exercises statepower depending on their competence and status. Courts of the same property are part of the judicial system. District courts occupy the first link of the judicial system, regional and equal to them - the second, the Supreme Court - the highest link.

As a rule, any litigation begins withcourt of first instance - district. In case of disagreement of the parties with the decision of the judge, the decision will be appealed in the higher - appellate - judicial authority body. If the new resolution does not satisfy any party, a cassation complaint is filed with a higher court.

The judiciary is called upon not only to resolvearising disputes, but also to control other branches of power. So, the Constitutional Court has the right to recognize the laws as unconstitutional, in the event that they really belong to such. If the law contradicts federal law, the Constitution or other normative acts, the Court has the right to recognize it unlawful. When accusing any public person, the Court must also confirm the presence of guilt. In addition, representatives of the judiciary can make decisions on the liquidation of religious, political and other organizations engaged in illegal activities and resolve economic disputes between state and municipal authorities.

Authorities outside branches

The branch of power does not include:

  • Court of Accounts;
  • Central Bank (provides economic growth and interest rate control);
  • bodies of the Prosecutor's Office (exercise control over the implementation of existing legislation);
  • Ombudsman (examines complaints against state bodies in connection with violation of rights);
  • the presidential administration (creates conditions for the work of the president);
  • The CEC (responsible for holding referendums, elections).


Article 11 of the FCF clearly provides an answer to the question of whoexercises state power in Russia. But the main driving force endowed with the greatest power is the people of the Russian Federation, which is reflected in Article 3 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.The executive bodies of state power exercise

Power is the conductor of popular opinion, aimed at creating a safe and comfortable existence in the state.

The modern system of country management allows you to distribute responsibilities, monitor your work and effectively interact with ordinary ordinary citizens.

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