Why do red spots appear on the legs and how to eliminate them?

Many of us, having seen a red spot on our feet, do not attach any importance to this. But this can not be done, because our skin is a mirror of the body. The appearance of such stains can be a signal of health problems. Therefore, in order to avoid serious consequences for health and life, it is necessary to determine in time why the red spots on the legs appear and how to eliminate them.

In this topic, we will describe in detail the reasons for the appearance of red spots on the legs of men, women and children, as well as how this problem can be treated.

Red spots on the feet of a child and an adult: what could be?

Spot called a limited change in color, and sometimes the structure of the skin. Spots on the body of red can occupy one area (face, back, chest, abdomen, arms, legs, buttocks, etc.) or cover the entire skin.

Spots on the feet may be red, brown, black, purple, white or other colors.In form, there are round, oval, polyhedral spots that have clear or diffuse boundaries. Some spots have a smooth surface, while others crack, crust, flake and itch. In addition, all the spots vary in size: from point to large spots formed as a result of merging. It is also important to determine if the stain is above the skin level.

According to the international classification, all spots are divided intopigmentandvascular.

Red spots on the feet of a child and an adult

Vascular spots can have a different color: red, purple, blue, yellow or brown. The color of the stain is due to the condition of the blood and the vessel where it is located. Depending on the origin, several types of vascular spots are distinguished, namely:

  • inflammatory;
  • non-inflammatory;
  • hemorrhagic.

The vascular patch of inflammatory genesis appears on the skin as a result of the expansion of the inflamed blood vessel. In its turn,among inflammatory vascular spots produceerythema, acute inflammatory and non-acute inflammatory roseola.

  • Erythema- These are red spots of the largest size of irregular shape with clear boundaries that can grow and merge with each other, occupying one or several areas of the body.This red spot is a sign of acute inflammation and is very similar to a burn, so the poet is accompanied by swelling and a feeling of severe itching. If a red spot appears on the foot, which itches, grows in size and has puffiness, then this is most likely an allergy on the legs. Erythema is also characteristic of toxicoderma, contact dermatitis and other dermatological problems.
  • Aromatherapy Roseola- These are small red spots that appear as a result of the expansion of a blood vessel, which have a pink or bright red color, swelling and peeling, and can also appear on any part of the body, in particular - the legs. Moreover, these spots are prone to merge. Astro-inflammatory roseola is most characteristic of children who suffer from allergic dermatitis, eczema, and deprived of pink or childhood infectious diseases.
  • Non-inflammatory roseolais not noticeable, because its color is pale pink. Also, the peculiarity of such a red spot is that it has clear boundaries, cannot grow, does not merge and does not peel off. Such roseol is called pale and most often it can be found in patients with syphilis, leprosy, and psoriasis.

Non-inflammatory vascular spots

Non-inflammatory vascular spots, which is based on the expansion of blood vessels, arise under the influence of psychogenic factors, so they are often called stains of shame, anger or stress.

Vascular spots of hemorrhagic origin- This is a collection of blood in the epidermis or papillary layer of the skin. This type of spots is also divided into inflammatory and non-inflammatory.

Inflammatory hemorrhagic spotsformed due to inflammation of the vascular wall, the expansion of its pores and the release of the liquid part of the blood into the surrounding tissues.

Non-inflammatory spots of hemorrhagic genesisarise after bruises (petechiae, bruises, bruises, bruises) through damage to the integrity of the vessel.

Dark spotsrepresent a site of increased or decreased accumulation of pigment - melanin.

With increased accumulation of melanin, brown spots may appearon the legs, arms, face, back and other areas of the body. And the color of the spots can have a different shade: from light to dark.

Classification of pigment spotsbased on their magnitude and mechanism of education. Thus, three types of pigmented spots are distinguished with an increased accumulation of melanin: lentigo, freckles, chloasma and nevi.

  • Lentigo- These are foci of increased accumulation of melanin of various shapes and sizes, which can have both clear and blurred boundaries. Moreover, such stains are often scaly.
  • FrecklesThey call the small brown specks appearing under the influence of the sun's rays, which most often covers the face, hands and back.
  • Chloasmaare quite large spots of dark brown color, caused by increased production and accumulation of melanin in the skin due to diseases of the liver, adrenal gland, thyroid and reproductive system organs, especially in adolescence.
  • Nevirepresent a collection of nevus cells in the skin, which are laid during the prenatal development of the fetus, so they are also called birthmarks or moles.

But there are also spots where the pigment is missing, so the skin on such areas remains white. Depending on the size of the white spots, vitiligo and leucoderm are secreted.

  • Vitiligo- This is the absence of melanin in certain areas of the skin. Such spots may be congenital or occur on the background of inflammatory diseases of the skin.
  • Leucoderma- These are small white spots on the skin, the cause of which can be psoriasis, eczema, lichen, syphilis, typhoid and typhus.

Causes of red spots on the legs

In some cases, the causes of such spots on the legs can be factors that are not related to health problems, in others - spots are a sign of a serious disease that is a threat even to human life.

Causes of red spots on the legs

For example, very often red spots are a consequence of epilation and disappear without a trace within a few hours. There may also be birthmarks on the lower limbs, and if they do not bother (do not increase, do not change color, do not hurt, do not itch, etc.), then there is no reason to worry.

In addition, a common cause of red spots on the lower limbs is an allergy to shower gel, soap, lotion or cream. In this case, it is important to no longer use the tool, from which the feet reddened.

Another disease, from which the feet may be covered with red spots, is vasculitis - inflammation of the walls of blood vessels. In most cases, the skin of the lower limbs reflects the condition of the veins and arteries of a given area of ​​the body.Therefore, a dermatologist can still send you to see a phlebologist or a surgeon who deals with vascular problems.

In addition to these reasons, an important point in the appearance of spots on the skin of the legs is a lack of vitamins A, PP, C or B. For avitaminosis A, brown flaky or red rough spots on the ankles are characteristic.

If there are red spots on the legs and itching, then it may be a symptom of lichen rosacea.

If your legs are covered with red spots that do not pass for a long time, then we strongly recommend that you consult a dermatologist. It is strictly forbidden to self-medicate and treat such spots with any preparations or folk remedies without the permission of the attending doctor, as this may aggravate the disease.

Types of foot patches, causes and treatment

Now he will consider some types of spots on the legs, their causes and treatment.

  • Rough red spots on the feet itch.Such spots are most often a symptom of allergic dermatitis, which arises from the use of cosmetics, the use of certain foods.Improve the skin condition will help hypoallergenic diet and eliminate allergen (cream, soap, gel, etc.), as well as taking antihistamines (Suprastin, Tavegil, Cetrin) and applying ointments with anti-inflammatory effect or with hormones. But without the advice of a specialist, it is impossible to begin treatment.
  • Dry red spots on the legs of the legs.Such dry spots not only spoil the appearance of the lower extremities, but are often accompanied by such an unpleasant sensation as itching. Most often, irritation on the calves of the feet arises from the use of substandard cosmetics, wearing synthetic clothing or improperly depilated. Dry red spots on the feet may be the result of wearing tight shoes. With such stains, it is necessary to eliminate the causative factor and use moisturizers.
  • Small spots of red.Small red rash on the lower extremities can affect both the entire area and can be localized in a specific area. The causes of this rash may be excessive insolation, a deficiency of vitamins in the body, chronic diseases of internal organs, vascular tumors, mosquito bites or other insects.
  • Red spots on the legs with varicose veins: a photo. Varicose veins are called veins of the lower extremities, which also affects the skin condition. Red spots on the legs with varicose veins can be represented by the vascular net, asterisks and red spots of different intensity, shape and size. Also, with varicose veins, they swell and can hurt, especially at the end of the day. At occurrence of the listed signs it is necessary to address the doctor-phlebologist or the doctor to the vascular surgeon. Treatment of varicose veins consists of venotonics, therapeutic exercises, compression underwear and other therapeutic agents.
  • Red spots on the feet.The causes of red spots on the feet are most often fungal infections, foot deformities, abrasions, and chronic venous insufficiency. The appearance of itchy spots is characteristic of a fungal infection of the feet, at which the skin will also crack and ache. Treatment will depend on the cause. For example, with a fungal infection, antifungal drugs are taken in the form of ointments, creams or gels. To eliminate venous insufficiency using the same drugs as with varicose veins.
  • Red spot under the thumbnails of the big toe.In most cases, the red spot under the nail plate of the thumb is the result of injury. But it is also impossible to exclude such causes as diseases of the cardiovascular and pulmonary system, which are accompanied by oxygen starvation, rheumatoid arthritis and a fungal infection. Therefore, it is impossible to ignore the appearance of such a spot. Only a specialist can reliably determine the cause and prescribe an effective treatment.
  • Bright red spot on the legs below the knees.Most often, red spots on the leg below the knee, which are similar to a burn, are found in erysipelas, an infection caused by streptococcus. The appeared spot is very sore, the skin of the lower leg is hot and their swelling is determined. This disease is contagious, therefore it requires immediate remedial measures. The treatment of erysipelas is carried out by an infectious disease doctor or surgeon, depending on the form of the disease.
  • Red spots on the lower limbs in a child.Red spots on the arms and legs of a child may appear as a result of insect bites, allergies, dysbiosis, pancreatic diseases, etc.The most common cause is an allergy to food, in particular cow's milk. In this case, the process is not limited to the limbs; therefore, red spots may appear on the face of newborns, especially on the cheeks and near the mouth. In case of allergies, it is important to eliminate the allergens. If the child is breastfed, then the woman should adjust her diet, and if he was introduced supplements, then you need to revise the introduced products. Another unpleasant and dangerous skin disease for the baby is toxic erythema, which is characterized by red spots between the legs with a red rim. This rash appears on the second day of life and passes on its own. Severe disease in children is pemphigus, in which red spots and blisters form on the skin of the child’s feet.

There are many more reasons for the appearance of red spots on the lower extremities, but in any case it is not necessary to self-medicate. The first step is to contact an experienced specialist who will help determine the cause of such a rash and prescribe an effective, and most importantly, safe treatment.

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